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Open AccessArticle

Spatial Differences in China’s Population Aging and Influencing Factors: The Perspectives of Spatial Dependence and Spatial Heterogeneity

1
School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
2
School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 5959; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215959
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 17 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aging: Healthcare, Inequalities, Challenges and Trends)
Since China became an aging society in 2000, the regional inequality of population aging has been highlighted, and the phenomenon of “aging before getting rich” has gradually become a core issue in China’s coordinated socioeconomic development. This paper aims to comprehensively assess the spatial differences and driving forces of China’s population aging through two-stage nested Theil decomposition, ESDA, and spatial econometric models. Empirical results show that spatial differences in population aging were evident at different spatial scales, and the distribution gradually decreased from east to west, showing a positive spatial correlation of similar value aggregation. Moreover, China’s population aging was determined by the demographic, socioeconomic, and natural environment, and there are different leading factors in different regions. The demographic aspects played a decisive role and had a direct influence, while the socioeconomic and natural environment indirectly affected population aging through demographic factors and became the root cause of regional differences in population aging. These findings provide an empirical basis for establishing a cooperative mechanism and formulating a targeted response to the problem of population aging in various regions in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: population aging; two-stage nested Theil decomposition; ESDA; spatial econometric models; China population aging; two-stage nested Theil decomposition; ESDA; spatial econometric models; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.; Song, Y.; Yu, T. Spatial Differences in China’s Population Aging and Influencing Factors: The Perspectives of Spatial Dependence and Spatial Heterogeneity. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5959. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215959

AMA Style

Wu Y, Song Y, Yu T. Spatial Differences in China’s Population Aging and Influencing Factors: The Perspectives of Spatial Dependence and Spatial Heterogeneity. Sustainability. 2019; 11(21):5959. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215959

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Yuanyuan; Song, Yuxiang; Yu, Tingting. 2019. "Spatial Differences in China’s Population Aging and Influencing Factors: The Perspectives of Spatial Dependence and Spatial Heterogeneity" Sustainability 11, no. 21: 5959. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215959

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