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Urban Shrinkage and Sustainability: Assessing the Nexus between Population Density, Urban Structures and Urban Sustainability
Open AccessArticle

Shrinking Suburbs: Analyzing the Decline of American Suburban Spaces

1
Biden School of Public Policy & Administration, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
2
Department of Political Science and School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5230; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195230
Received: 30 July 2019 / Revised: 9 September 2019 / Accepted: 11 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Shrinking Cities—Testing Ground for Sustainability)
Recent popular and scholarly work has drawn attention to the issue of shrinking cities. In particular, a growing body of literature has focused on the impacts of population loss on European cities, and more recently, the deindustrialized areas of the United States. Fewer scholars have examined the phenomenon of shrinkage in the suburban context. This paper explores the evolution of shrinking suburbs in the United States from 1980 to 2010. Three research questions motivate this study: (1) What is the population change in suburban neighborhoods and places from 1980 to 2010? (2) Where are shrinking suburbs located? (3) What are the trajectories of change of shrinking suburbs? A definition of shrinking suburbs using spatial and temporal criteria is operationalized. Using census tract-level data with normalized boundaries from the Neighborhood Change Database, numerous socioeconomic variables were extracted for the 30-year study period. In total, the results demonstrate that approximately one-quarter of all suburbs were shrinking. The characteristics of shrinking suburbs are identified and a typology of seven trajectories of suburban decline is developed. The conclusion reflects on the implications of shrinking suburbs for sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: shrinking cities; suburbs; demographic change; metropolitan areas shrinking cities; suburbs; demographic change; metropolitan areas
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Sarzynski, A.; Vicino, T.J. Shrinking Suburbs: Analyzing the Decline of American Suburban Spaces. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5230.

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