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Open AccessArticle

Study on the Evolution of Water Resource Utilization Efficiency in Tibet Autonomous Region and Four Provinces in Tibetan Areas under Double Control Action

School of Business Administration, Hohai University, Changzhou 213022, China
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Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3396; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123396
Received: 18 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Water Resources in the Developing Cities)
Tibet is the province with the largest international rivers and water resource reserves in China. However, due to its special ecological environment, the utilization of water resources has become an inevitable problem. Considering the undesirable outputs in water resource utilization, the Super-efficiency Slack-based Measure (SE-SBM) model is used to measure water utilization efficiency of Tibet and the Tibetan areas (four provinces where Tibetan areas are located) from 2006 to 2016. The mixed and random panel Tobit model is used to investigate the driving factors of water efficiency and a horizontal comparison between provinces is made on this basis. The results show that the water utilization efficiency of Tibet and the Tibetan areas in four provinces shows a “U-shaped” trend. The water utilization efficiency of most provinces is greater than or close to 1 and the water utilization efficiency of each province shows a constant convergence trend. Environmental regulation and technological innovation have a significant positive effect on water utilization efficiency. Urbanization and foreign direct investment (FDI) have a significant negative effect on water utilization efficiency. Per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and water resource endowment have no significant effect on water utilization efficiency. It is necessary to select a new type of urbanization suitable for the Tibetan Plateau, eliminate the backward production capacity, high water consumption, or high emissions industries, and to strengthen the research and development of water-saving and emission-reduction technology innovation in Tibet. View Full-Text
Keywords: water utilization efficiency; Tibet Autonomous Region; dual control action; SE-SBM water utilization efficiency; Tibet Autonomous Region; dual control action; SE-SBM
MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, X.; Zhang, Z.; Wu, F.; Xu, X. Study on the Evolution of Water Resource Utilization Efficiency in Tibet Autonomous Region and Four Provinces in Tibetan Areas under Double Control Action. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123396

AMA Style

Ding X, Zhang Z, Wu F, Xu X. Study on the Evolution of Water Resource Utilization Efficiency in Tibet Autonomous Region and Four Provinces in Tibetan Areas under Double Control Action. Sustainability. 2019; 11(12):3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123396

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ding, Xuhui; Zhang, Zixuan; Wu, Fengping; Xu, Xiangyi. 2019. "Study on the Evolution of Water Resource Utilization Efficiency in Tibet Autonomous Region and Four Provinces in Tibetan Areas under Double Control Action" Sustainability 11, no. 12: 3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123396

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