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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3307; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093307

Household Food Security Status and Its Determinants in Maphumulo Local Municipality, South Africa

1
Department of Agriculture, University of Zululand, P. Bag X1001, KwaDlangezwa 3886, South Africa
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, Education and Extension, Bindura University of Science Education, Bindura 112, Zimbabwe
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 29 August 2018 / Published: 16 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
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Abstract

Food security at the household level remains a major issue in South Africa and for many other developing countries, particularly those in Africa. As a means of ensuring food security in KwaZulu-Natal province, various food security intervention programmes were launched. Nonetheless, food security remains an issue among households in the province. This paper estimates the household food security status of the “One Home One Garden” (OHOG) beneficiaries against that of non-beneficiaries and assesses the determinants of household food security status in Maphumulo. A stratified random sampling technique was used to sample 495 households (including 330 OHOG beneficiaries and 165 non-beneficiaries). The status of household food security was estimated by means of a “Household Dietary Diversity Score” (HDDS). Additionally, a Household Food Consumption Score” (HFCS) tool was employed to supplement the HDDS. The results showed that food consumption patterns were characterized by medium (4.89) and average (4.22) HDDS for the OHOG beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries, respectively. Taking HDDS as a proxy for household food security, an independent samples t-test (Levene’s test—equal variances assumed) reveals a significant (p < 0.001) relationship between the sample means of the two groups. A greater proportion (65%) of the OHOG beneficiaries had an acceptable (≥35) HFCS level, whereas just over half (54%) of the non-beneficiaries fell in the borderline (21.5 to 35) HFCS level. The determinants of household food security status were elicited by means of a binary logistic regression model. The results revealed that education (p = 0.036), receiving infrastructural support (irrigation) (p = 0.001), and participation in the OHOG programme (p = 0.000) positively influenced the food security status of households, yet household income (p = 0.000) and access to credit (p = 0.002) showed a negative correlation. This paper proposes that government and developmental agencies, in their efforts to enhance food security through food security intervention programmes, should support households by investing in education and agricultural infrastructure, as well as giving priority to smallholder infrastructural irrigation support for households that largely rely on rain-fed systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: determinants; dietary diversity; food consumption; food security; households; Maphumulo; South Africa determinants; dietary diversity; food consumption; food security; households; Maphumulo; South Africa
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ngema, P.Z.; Sibanda, M.; Musemwa, L. Household Food Security Status and Its Determinants in Maphumulo Local Municipality, South Africa. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3307.

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