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Open AccessArticle

Geodesign Processes and Ecological Systems Thinking in a Coupled Human-Environment Context: An Integrated Framework for Landscape Architecture

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
2
Smart Energy Design Assistance Center, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3306; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093306
Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 26 August 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 15 September 2018
Scholars from a variety of disciplines have been working to unravel the complexities of geodesign as an approach to tackling a host of problems. We argue that a mature understanding of geodesign requires a systemic perspective to organize the interconnections between ecological, social and economic conditions at multiple spatial and temporal scales. We reviewed definitions and perspectives of geodesign and key concepts of ecological systems thinking to develop a new framework for landscape architecture. We provide the state-of-the-art in geodesign within the context of systems thinking and coupled human-environmental resilience. We show that geodesign is capable to encourage public participation and interdisciplinary collaboration through its systemic planning processes and synergetic technologies. The thrust of geodesign-related research is the emerging paradigm of landscape-based sustainability. While landscape architecture is complex in many aspects, the integrated framework promotes our understanding about its social-ecological potential, spatial-temporal association and resilience of coupled human-environment systems. Based on the findings, we outline key contributions, implications, challenges and recommendations for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable design; geodesign; systems thinking; social-ecological processes; spatial-temporal patterns; human-environment systems; landscape-based sustainability sustainable design; geodesign; systems thinking; social-ecological processes; spatial-temporal patterns; human-environment systems; landscape-based sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, Y.; Deal, B.; Larsen, L. Geodesign Processes and Ecological Systems Thinking in a Coupled Human-Environment Context: An Integrated Framework for Landscape Architecture. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3306.

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