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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3145; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093145

Railway Freight Transport and Logistics: Methods for Relief, Algorithms for Verification and Proposals for the Adjustment of Tunnel Inner Surfaces

1
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, 00184 Rome, Italy
2
ETS (Engineering Through Science) Ingegneria, Via Appia Nuova, 59 00183 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 3 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
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Abstract

In Europe, the attention to efficiency and safety of international railway freight transport has grown in recent years and this has drawn attention to the importance of verifying the clearance between vehicle and lining, mostly when different and variable rolling stock types are expected. This work consists of defining an innovative methodology, with the objective of surveying the tunnel structures, verifying the clearance conditions, and designing a retrofitting work if necessary. The method provides for the use of laser scanner, thermocameras, and ground penetrating radar to survey the geometrical and structural conditions of the tunnel; an algorithm written by the authors permits to verify the clearances. Two different types of works are possible if the inner tunnel surfaces interfere with the profile of the rolling stock passing through: modification of the railroad track or modification of the tunnel intrados by mean milling of its lining. The presented case study demonstrates that the proposed methodology is useful for verifying compatibility between the design vehicle gauge and the existing tunnel intrados, and to investigate the chance to admit rolling stocks from different states. Consequently, the results give the railway management body a chance to perform appropriate measurements in those cases where the minimum clearance requirements are not achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: railway freight transport; railway tunnel; vehicle gauge; lining milling; laser scanner; GPR; thermocamera railway freight transport; railway tunnel; vehicle gauge; lining milling; laser scanner; GPR; thermocamera
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Loprencipe, G.; Moretti, L.; Pestillo, T.; Ferraro, R. Railway Freight Transport and Logistics: Methods for Relief, Algorithms for Verification and Proposals for the Adjustment of Tunnel Inner Surfaces. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3145.

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