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Open AccessArticle

Policy Instruments to Promote Electro-Mobility in the EU28: A Comprehensive Review

1
Departamento de Análisis Económico y Economía Política, Universidad de Sevilla, 41018 Sevilla, Spain
2
Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Av. Pedro de Valdivia 425, Providencia, Región Metropolitana 7500912, Chile
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2507; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072507
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 10 July 2018 / Accepted: 16 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Despite its environmental benefits, the amount of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in use within the European Union 28 is still very limited. Poor penetration might be explained by certain factors that dissuade potential buyers. To balance these factors and promote electro-mobility, Member States have established incentives to increase demand. However, the various measures are scattered. This paper contributes to fill the gap in the literature by offering an overall view of the main measures. The authors will focus on measures to promote electro-mobility within the EU28 until 2014. After an in-depth and comprehensive review of the relevant measures, the authors conclude that the most important policy instruments to promote EVs are tax and infrastructure measures in addition to financial incentives for purchasing and supporting R&D projects. Regardless of the scarcity of EV registration data, the available information allows us to conclude that higher EV penetration levels appear in countries where the registration tax, the ownership tax, or both taxes have developed a partial green tax by including CO2 emissions in the calculation of the final invoice. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; electro-mobility promotion; policy instruments; tax and infrastructure measures; financial incentives; supporting R&D projects electric vehicle; electro-mobility promotion; policy instruments; tax and infrastructure measures; financial incentives; supporting R&D projects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cansino, J.M.; Sánchez-Braza, A.; Sanz-Díaz, T. Policy Instruments to Promote Electro-Mobility in the EU28: A Comprehensive Review. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2507. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072507

AMA Style

Cansino JM, Sánchez-Braza A, Sanz-Díaz T. Policy Instruments to Promote Electro-Mobility in the EU28: A Comprehensive Review. Sustainability. 2018; 10(7):2507. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072507

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cansino, José M.; Sánchez-Braza, Antonio; Sanz-Díaz, Teresa. 2018. "Policy Instruments to Promote Electro-Mobility in the EU28: A Comprehensive Review" Sustainability 10, no. 7: 2507. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072507

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