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Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1119; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041119

Joint Decisions on Emission Reduction and Inventory Replenishment with Overconfidence and Low-Carbon Preference

School of Business Administration, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110167, China
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Received: 19 January 2018 / Revised: 28 February 2018 / Accepted: 15 March 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

This paper presents a game-theoretical analysis of joint decisions on carbon emission reduction and inventory replenishment with overconfidence and consumer’s low-carbon preference for key supply chain players when facing effort-dependent demand. We consider respectively the overconfidence of a supplier who overestimates the impacts of his emission reduction efforts on product demand and the overconfidence of a retailer who underestimates the variability of the stochastic demand. We find, surprisingly, that the supplier’s overconfidence can mitigate “double marginalization” but hurt self-profit, while the retailer’s overconfidence can be an irrelevant factor for self-profit. The retailer aiming at short-term trading should actively seek an overconfident supplier, while the supplier should actively seek a rational retailer for whom the critical fractile is more than 0.5, whereas for an overconfident retailer, the critical fractile is less than or equal to 0.5. The study also underlines the effect of regulation parameters as an important contextual factor influencing low-carbon operations. View Full-Text
Keywords: overconfidence; low-carbon preference; emission reduction; newsvendor; game theory overconfidence; low-carbon preference; emission reduction; newsvendor; game theory
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ji, S.; Zhao, D.; Peng, X. Joint Decisions on Emission Reduction and Inventory Replenishment with Overconfidence and Low-Carbon Preference. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1119.

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