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Open AccessArticle

Solar Radiation Distribution inside a Greenhouse Prototypal with Photovoltaic Mobile Plant and Effects on Flower Growth

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Department of Agricultural and Forestry scieNcEs (DAFNE), Tuscia University, Via San Camillo de Lellis, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
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Regional Institute for Floriculture, Via Carducci 12, 18038 Sanremo, Italy
3
Ministero Delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali (MIPAAF), Via Venti Settembre 20, 00187 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 855; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030855
Received: 13 February 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 18 March 2018
The diffusion of renewable energy requires the search for new technologies useful for obtaining good energy and production efficiency. Even if the latter is not always easy to obtain, the integration of photovoltaic panels on the roof of greenhouses intended for floriculture can represent an alternative. The present paper evaluates climatic conditions inside a greenhouse, in which 20% of its roof surface has been replaced with mobile photovoltaic (PV) panels. The PV system implemented in this study can vary the light energy collection surface in relation to the degree of insolation. The aim is to observe the shading effects of the PV system on the growth of several varieties of flowers (iberis, mini-cyclamens and petunias) to ensure the use of solar energy as an income integration deriving from floricultural production. In fact, in agronomic terms, it has ensured: (i) to be able to shade the underlying environment in most lighting conditions; and (ii) to let through more light when it is required for the needs of crop plants or in cloudy weather. Results have described the distribution of solar radiation, variability of temperature and humidity and lighting in a solar year and the observed outcomes on floristic production. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar radiation; photovoltaic plant; greenhouse; renewable energy; flowers growth solar radiation; photovoltaic plant; greenhouse; renewable energy; flowers growth
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Colantoni, A.; Monarca, D.; Marucci, A.; Cecchini, M.; Zambon, I.; Di Battista, F.; Maccario, D.; Saporito, M.G.; Beruto, M. Solar Radiation Distribution inside a Greenhouse Prototypal with Photovoltaic Mobile Plant and Effects on Flower Growth. Sustainability 2018, 10, 855.

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