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Article

Formation Mechanism and Coping Strategy of Public Emergency for Urban Sustainability: A Perspective of Risk Propagation in the Sociotechnical System

1
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Department of Finance Management, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 386; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020386
Received: 14 December 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
Urban public emergencies now break out frequently, causing heavy losses and threatening urban sustainability at the same time. To help better curb public emergencies, minimize their damage to cities, and maintain the sustainable operation of the city, this paper takes the urban public emergency as the research object, discussing the formation mechanism of urban public emergencies and putting forward feasible countermeasures. First, we propose the concept of risk propagation chain and construct an urban socio-technical system risk propagation chain model by introducing the Tropos Goal-Risk framework. The risk propagation chain formation mechanism and the emergency formation mechanism are researched by using this model to analyze the specific conditions and paths of risk propagation. Then the targeted countermeasures are put forward to prevent and manage emergencies, advancing the goal of sustainable development. Finally, a case is used to verify the theory and model. This study not only provides a theoretical framework for the formation of urban public emergencies but also provides a practical method for modeling public emergencies and dealing with urban sustainability problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: sociotechnical system; public emergency; formation mechanism; risk propagation; urban sustainability sociotechnical system; public emergency; formation mechanism; risk propagation; urban sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Deng, X.; Lu, Z.; Yang, X.; Zhao, Q.; Gao, D.; Bai, B. Formation Mechanism and Coping Strategy of Public Emergency for Urban Sustainability: A Perspective of Risk Propagation in the Sociotechnical System. Sustainability 2018, 10, 386. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020386

AMA Style

Deng X, Lu Z, Yang X, Zhao Q, Gao D, Bai B. Formation Mechanism and Coping Strategy of Public Emergency for Urban Sustainability: A Perspective of Risk Propagation in the Sociotechnical System. Sustainability. 2018; 10(2):386. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020386

Chicago/Turabian Style

Deng, Xiuquan, Zhu Lu, Xinmiao Yang, Qiuhong Zhao, Dehua Gao, and Bing Bai. 2018. "Formation Mechanism and Coping Strategy of Public Emergency for Urban Sustainability: A Perspective of Risk Propagation in the Sociotechnical System" Sustainability 10, no. 2: 386. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020386

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