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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Carbon Addition on Dissimilatory Fe(III) Reduction in Freshwater Marsh and Meadow Wetlands

by Xiaoyan Zhu 1,2, Yuxiang Yuan 3 and Ming Jiang 1,*
1
Key Laboratory of Songliao Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, Jilin Jianzhu University, Changchun 130118, China
2
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
3
Wet Ecosystem Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4309; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114309
Received: 13 October 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geochemistry for a Sustainable Development)
The progress of dissimilatory iron(III) reduction is widespread in natural environments, particularly in anoxic habitats; in fact, wetland ecosystems are considered as “hotspots” of dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction. In this study, we conducted soil slurry and microbial inoculation anaerobic incubation with glucose, pyruvate, and soluble quinone anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate (AQDS) additions in freshwater marsh and meadow wetlands in the Sanjiang Plain, to evaluate the role of carbon addition in the rates and dynamics of iron reduction. Dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction in marsh wetlands responded more quickly and showed twice the potential for Fe(III) reduction as that in meadow wetland. Fe(III) reduction rate in marsh and meadow wetlands was 76% and 30%, respectively. Glucose had a higher capacity to enhance Fe(III) reduction than pyruvate, which provides valuable information for the further isolation of Fe reduction bacteria in pure culture. AQDS could dramatically increase potential Fe(III) reduction as an electron shuttle in both wetlands. pH exhibited a negative relationship with Fe(III) reduction. In view of the significance of freshwater wetlands in the global carbon and iron cycle, further profound research is now essential and should explore the enzymatic mechanisms underlying iron reduction in freshwater wetlands. View Full-Text
Keywords: dissimilatory iron reduction; marsh; meadow; carbon addition; quinone anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate (AQDS) dissimilatory iron reduction; marsh; meadow; carbon addition; quinone anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate (AQDS)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, X.; Yuan, Y.; Jiang, M. Effects of Carbon Addition on Dissimilatory Fe(III) Reduction in Freshwater Marsh and Meadow Wetlands. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4309.

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