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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Capacity Fade of Lithium-Ion Batteries upon Mixed Calendar/Cycling Aging Protocol

EIGSI, 26 Rue Vaux de Foletier, F-17000, La Rochelle, France
University of Bordeaux, IMS, UMR 5218 CNRS, IPB, F-33400 Talence, France
DEA-IREB, Groupe Renault, 1 Avenue du Golf, TCR LAB 012, F-78280, Guyancourt, France
Univ. Lyon, IFSTTAR, LTE, 25 avenue François Mitterrand, F- 69675 Bron, France
EIGSICA, 47 Centre des affaires Alla Ben Abdellah Casablanca, 20000 Maroc
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(2), 339-349;
Published: 24 June 2016
PDF [979 KB, uploaded 15 May 2018]


Energy and power fade of lithium-ion batteries over time is a cause of complaints from Electric and Hybrid vehicles customers. Car manufacturers strive to improve accuracy of battery performance degradation predictions, in order to reduce warranty costs. Currently, these predictions are mainly based on accelerated aging tests in cycling mode or on calendar tests. However, testing protocols with combination of calendar and cycling modes representing the usage of a vehicle in real life application are not much used. In this paper, a mixed aging protocol combining cycling and calendar repetitive phases is elaborated. Experimental results obtained on a LIB technology are presented and discussed in comparison with conventional accelerated cycling tests at the same conditions.
Keywords: battery calendar life; cycle life; lithium battery; reliability battery calendar life; cycle life; lithium battery; reliability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Grolleau, S.; Baghdadi, I.; Gyan, P.; Ben-Marzouk, M.; Duclaud, F. Capacity Fade of Lithium-Ion Batteries upon Mixed Calendar/Cycling Aging Protocol. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 339-349.

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