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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Electric Vehicles: Impacts of Mileage Accumulation and Fast Charging

1
Environment and Climate Change Canada, 335 River Road, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0H3
2
Transport Canada, 330 Sparks Street, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0N5
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(1), 249-262; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj8010249
Published: 25 March 2016
PDF [650 KB, uploaded 14 May 2018]

Abstract

The impact of mileage accumulation and fast charging on driving range and battery energy of a light-duty battery electric vehicle (BEV), commercially available in North America, is being investigated. Two identical model BEVs are undergoing mileage accumulation on-road in Ottawa, Canada as well as testing on a chassis dynamometer in accordance with the SAE J1634 recommended test procedures. BEV1 is charged exclusively on DC fast-charging (DCFC) and BEV2 is charged exclusively on SAE AC Level 2 (ACL2). At the time of writing, the BEVs have been tested initially at 1,600 km, and then again after mileage accumulation to 15,000 km. Baseline results indicate that the two BEVs had a similar initial performance, and after 15,000 km the vehicles continue to have a similar driving range and useable battery energy despite the different charging methods. Both vehicles did, however, show decreased useable battery energy and recharge energy after 15,000 km of mileage accumulation and the resulting decrease in driving range varied between 0.4 and 13% depending on test conditions; these changes were not always statistically significant. Further testing is planned at approximately 15,000 km intervals up to 105,000 km. The next round of testing, at 34,000 km, will follow mileage accumulation at cold temperature, during an Ottawa, Canada winter.
Keywords: Battery Electric Vehicle; Range; Mileage; Fast Charging Battery Electric Vehicle; Range; Mileage; Fast Charging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Loiselle-Lapointe, A.; Whittal, I.; Christenson, M. Electric Vehicles: Impacts of Mileage Accumulation and Fast Charging. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 249-262.

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