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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
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Development of an in-series hybrid urban bus model and its correlation with on-board testing results.

Automotive Research Institute - Technical University of Madrid. Crta. Valencia km7– Campus Sur UPM - 28031 – Madrid – Spain
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(2), 405-415; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6020405
Published: 28 June 2013
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Abstract

New emission standards implemented in EU has resulted in an increasing use of passenger hybrid vehicles as well as hybrid heavy-duty transport vehicles. Manufacturers have been offering a wide range of efficient and lower emission vehicles to fulfil these Regulations. Besides commercial vehicles, it it’s also important to consider the use and implementation of hybrid urban buses because it is a massive way of transportation that is used every day in the bigger cities. The use of hybrid urban buses is significant to achieve the goal for lower emissions and better energy efficiency, due to the city utilization involves several stops and accelerations. This paper considers the comparison between the results obtained from software simulation of a complete in-series hybrid urban bus platform (develop under AVL Cruise® software) and the data obtained from real on-board measurements made in the city of Madrid. The model involves an in-series hybrid electric bus, meaning that the propulsion system is supplied by an electric motor which receives energy from a stored source (battery). The analysis of the results shows a very accuracy approach and lower emission vehicle, with an error below 5% in fuel consumption modelling a real driving cycle up to 8km.
Keywords: Hybrid Bus; Efficiency; Simulation; Hybrid Control Strategy; Fuel Consumption Hybrid Bus; Efficiency; Simulation; Hybrid Control Strategy; Fuel Consumption
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zamora, D.R.; Martínez, J.M.L.; Carrasco, C.J.L.; Vaca, J.J.D. Development of an in-series hybrid urban bus model and its correlation with on-board testing results.. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 405-415.

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