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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Configuration Analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Systems using Global Optimization

Hyundai-Kia Motors, 150 HyundaiYeonguso-ro Hwaseong-si Gyeonggi-do Republic of Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(2), 391-404;
Published: 28 June 2013
PDF [792 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]


The purpose of the study is to analyze the configurations of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) with respect to fuel economy. Existing studies mostly focus on hybrid systems or few PHEV systems by only considering power split ratio and component efficiency. This paper adds original contribution to these literatures. First of all, this study compares and analyzes “series + α” PHEV – Input split, Series-output split and Series-parallel, which is consisted of a single Planetary gear or spur gear and clutches. Those are currently applied to mass-production vehicles such as Toyota Prius PHEV, Chevrolet Volt and Honda Accord PHEV. On top of that, it examines the impact of the transmission mechanical losses on Dynamic programming (DP) results and especially the planetary gear loss is modelled using power split ratio analysis. Lastly, the effect of Series mode for each PHEV system is examined by analysis of the theoretical system efficiency and DP in a certain driving profile. From this study the strength and weakness of PHEV systems are revealed depending on a driving condition and battery status, e.g. charging depleting (CD) or charging sustaining (CS). The PHEV system analysis in this study can help select proper system for a certain purpose.
Keywords: modelling; optimization; PHEV (Plug in hybrid electric vehicle); series HEV; simulation modelling; optimization; PHEV (Plug in hybrid electric vehicle); series HEV; simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, I.; Kim, H. Configuration Analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Systems using Global Optimization. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 391-404.

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World Electr. Veh. J. EISSN 2032-6653 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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