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Virus-Like Particles as an Immunogenic Platform for Cancer Vaccines

1
AgilVax, Inc., Albuquerque, NM 87110, USA
2
Border Biomedical Research Center, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968, USA
3
Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Molecular Biotechnology Center, University of Torino, 10124 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(5), 488; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12050488
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 24 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Virus-Like Particle Vaccines)
Virus-like particles (VLP) spontaneously assemble from viral structural proteins. They are naturally biocompatible and non-infectious. VLP can serve as a platform for many potential vaccine epitopes, display them in a dense repeating array, and elicit antibodies against non-immunogenic substances, including tumor-associated self-antigens. Genetic or chemical conjugation facilitates the multivalent display of a homologous or heterologous epitope. Most VLP range in diameter from 25 to 100 nm and, in most cases, drain freely into the lymphatic vessels and induce antibodies with high titers and affinity without the need for additional adjuvants. VLP administration can be performed using different strategies, regimens, and doses to improve the immunogenicity of the antigen they expose on their surface. This article summarizes the features of VLP and presents them as a relevant platform technology to address not only infectious diseases but also chronic diseases and cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: virus-like particles; vaccine; cancer; immunotherapy virus-like particles; vaccine; cancer; immunotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Caldeira, J.C.; Perrine, M.; Pericle, F.; Cavallo, F. Virus-Like Particles as an Immunogenic Platform for Cancer Vaccines. Viruses 2020, 12, 488.

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