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Open AccessArticle

Artemia spp., a Susceptible Host and Vector for Lymphocystis Disease Virus

Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, 29017 Málaga, Spain
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Viruses 2019, 11(6), 506; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11060506
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 27 May 2019 / Accepted: 30 May 2019 / Published: 1 June 2019
Different developmental stages of Artemia spp. (metanauplii, juveniles and adults) were bath-challenged with two isolates of the Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), namely, LCDV SA25 (belonging to the species Lymphocystis disease virus 3) and ATCC VR-342 (an unclassified member of the genus Lymphocystivirus). Viral quantification and gene expression were analyzed by qPCR at different times post-inoculation (pi). In addition, infectious titres were determined at 8 dpi by integrated cell culture (ICC)-RT-PCR, an assay that detects viral mRNA in inoculated cell cultures. In LCDV-challenged Artemia, the viral load increased by 2–3 orders of magnitude (depending on developmental stage and viral isolate) during the first 8–12 dpi, with viral titres up to 2.3 × 102 Most Probable Number of Infectious Units (MPNIU)/mg. Viral transcripts were detected in the infected Artemia, relative expression values showed a similar temporal evolution in the different experimental groups. Moreover, gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) fingerlings were challenged by feeding on LCDV-infected metanauplii. Although no Lymphocystis symptoms were observed in the fish, the number of viral DNA copies was significantly higher at the end of the experimental trial and major capsid protein (mcp) gene expression was consistently detected. The results obtained support that LCDV infects Artemia spp., establishing an asymptomatic productive infection at least under the experimental conditions tested, and that the infected metanauplii are a vector for LCDV transmission to gilthead seabream. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lymphocystis disease virus; Artemia spp.; viral infection; Sparus aurata; viral transmission Lymphocystis disease virus; Artemia spp.; viral infection; Sparus aurata; viral transmission
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Valverde, E.J.; Labella, A.M.; Borrego, J.J.; Castro, D. Artemia spp., a Susceptible Host and Vector for Lymphocystis Disease Virus. Viruses 2019, 11, 506.

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