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A Local Initiative to Achieve Global Forest and Landscape Restoration Challenge—Lessons Learned from a Community-Based Forest Restoration Project in Biliran Province, Philippines
Open AccessConference Report

Manila Declaration on Forest and Landscape Restoration: Making It Happen

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, QLD 4558, Australia
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
World Agroforestry (ICRAF), 13 Elm Road, Woodlands, Lusaka 999134, Zambia
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Secretariat for the Environment of the State of São Paulo, Alto de Pinheiros, São Paulo SP 05459-900, Brazil
Department of Ecology, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo SP 05508-090, Brazil
College of Forestry and Environmental Science, Visayas State University, Baybay, Leyte 6521, Philippines
Society for Ecological Restoration, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Environmental Leadership & Training Initiative, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
World Agroforestry (ICRAF), United Nations Avenue, Gigiri PO Box 30677, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Commonland, Kraanspoor 26, 1033 SE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(6), 685;
Received: 16 May 2020 / Revised: 9 June 2020 / Accepted: 13 June 2020 / Published: 18 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest and Landscape Restoration—Making it Happen)
Globally, Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR) is gaining widespread recognition from governments and policymakers for its potential to restore key ecosystem services and to improve human wellbeing. We organized an international conference on FLR, titled—Forest and Landscape Restoration: Making it Happen, between 25–27 February 2019 in Manila, the Philippines with 139 participants from 22 countries. The Forest and Landscape Restoration Standards (FLoRES) task force also met prior to the conference, which included a field visit to a pilot community-based forest reforestation site in Biliran Island, the Philippines. Based on the three-day conference, case study presentations, and FLoRES task force meeting, we prepared the Manila Declaration on Forest and Landscape Restoration to highlight the need to support quality of FLR efforts and outcomes in the tropics. Here we provide a synthesis of the main messages of the conference, with key outcomes including the Manila Declaration on Forest and Landscape Restoration, and ways forward to make quality FLR happen on the ground. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest restoration; ecosystem services; ecological integrity; livelihood; Bonn Challenge; Sustainable Development Goals forest restoration; ecosystem services; ecological integrity; livelihood; Bonn Challenge; Sustainable Development Goals
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Chazdon, R.L.; Herbohn, J.; Mukul, S.A.; Gregorio, N.; Ota, L.; Harrison, R.D.; Durst, P.B.; Chaves, R.B.; Pasa, A.; Hallett, J.G.; Neidel, J.D.; Watson, C.; Gutierrez, V. Manila Declaration on Forest and Landscape Restoration: Making It Happen. Forests 2020, 11, 685.

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