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Article

Assessment of Polysaccharide and Biomass Production from Three White-Rot Fungi by Solid-State Fermentation Using Wood and Agro-Industrial Residues: A Kinetic Approach

Bioprocess and Agro-industry Plant, Department of Engineering, Universidad de Caldas, Calle 65 No. 26-10, Manizales 170004, Colombia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(10), 1055; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11101055
Received: 9 August 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 24 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biorenewable Forest-Based Materials)
Research Highlights: For the first time, a model was developed and applied for polysaccharide production from Trametes versicolor grown in agro-industrial and woody residues under solid-state fermentation (SSF) conditions. Background and Objectives: Fungal biomass is an important biological resource for biotechnological applications. Basidiomycetes fungi can be grown and developed on lignocellulosic materials such as forestry, wood, and agro-industrial residues in order to produce value-added products like bioactive polysaccharides. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of the C/N ratio and copper concentration on biomass and polysaccharide production during solid state fermentation (SSF), as well as on the consumption of cellulose and hemicellulose, and lignin degradation, and to propose and validate a mathematical model to describe the overall SSF process. Materials and Methods: This research was carried out by growing three Basidiomycetes species (T. versicolor, Lentinula edodes, and Pleurotus ostreatus) on twelve formulations of solid substrates using mixtures of different inexpensive lignocellulosic residues such as oak sawdust, coconut fiber (hairs), coffee husks, and corn bran plus soybean oil, calcium carbonate, and two levels of copper(II) sulfate. Results: The three fungal species grew well on all substrate formulations. The statistical analysis of experimental data showed no significant effects on polysaccharide production, in the range of C/N and copper concentrations evaluated. Taking into account that the best polysaccharide production was obtained with T. versicolor (96.09 mg/g solid substrate), a mathematical model was proposed for this fungus to describe the behavior of the fermentation system from the obtained data of all the resulting combinations to reach the highest polysaccharide production by the fungus. Conclusions: The mathematical model disclosed in this work enabled to describe the growth and development of a higher basidiomycete under solid-state fermentation conditions on lignocellulosic substrates as well as the production of value-added products like polysaccharides with medicinal properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: basidiomycetes; delignification; lignocellulosic waste; mathematical modeling; ruminant feed; substrate colonization basidiomycetes; delignification; lignocellulosic waste; mathematical modeling; ruminant feed; substrate colonization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez, Ó.J.; Montoya, S. Assessment of Polysaccharide and Biomass Production from Three White-Rot Fungi by Solid-State Fermentation Using Wood and Agro-Industrial Residues: A Kinetic Approach. Forests 2020, 11, 1055. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11101055

AMA Style

Sánchez ÓJ, Montoya S. Assessment of Polysaccharide and Biomass Production from Three White-Rot Fungi by Solid-State Fermentation Using Wood and Agro-Industrial Residues: A Kinetic Approach. Forests. 2020; 11(10):1055. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11101055

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez, Óscar J., and Sandra Montoya. 2020. "Assessment of Polysaccharide and Biomass Production from Three White-Rot Fungi by Solid-State Fermentation Using Wood and Agro-Industrial Residues: A Kinetic Approach" Forests 11, no. 10: 1055. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11101055

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