Polypropylene Biocomposites with Boron Nitride and Nanohydroxyapatite Reinforcements
AbstractIn this study, we develop binary polypropylene (PP) composites with hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) nanoplatelets and ternary hybrids reinforced with hBN and nanohydroxyapatite (nHA). Filler hybridization is a sound approach to make novel nanocomposites with useful biological and mechanical properties. Tensile test, osteoblastic cell culture and dimethyl thiazolyl diphenyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay were employed to investigate the mechanical performance, bioactivity and biocompatibility of binary PP/hBN and ternary PP/hBN-nHA composites. The purpose is to prepare biocomposite nanomaterials with good mechanical properties and biocompatibility for replacing conventional polymer composites reinforced with large hydroxyapatite microparticles at a high loading of 40 vol%. Tensile test reveals that the elastic modulus of PP composites increases, while tensile elongation decreases with increasing hBN content. Hybridization of hBN with nHA further enhances elastic modulus of PP. The cell culture and MTT assay show that osteoblastic cells attach and proliferate on binary PP/hBN and ternary PP/hBN-20%nHA nanocomposites. View Full-Text
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Chan, K.W.; Wong, H.M.; Yeung, K.W.K.; Tjong, S.C. Polypropylene Biocomposites with Boron Nitride and Nanohydroxyapatite Reinforcements. Materials 2015, 8, 992-1008.
Chan KW, Wong HM, Yeung KWK, Tjong SC. Polypropylene Biocomposites with Boron Nitride and Nanohydroxyapatite Reinforcements. Materials. 2015; 8(3):992-1008.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chan, Kai W.; Wong, Hoi M.; Yeung, Kelvin W.K.; Tjong, Sie C. 2015. "Polypropylene Biocomposites with Boron Nitride and Nanohydroxyapatite Reinforcements." Materials 8, no. 3: 992-1008.