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Article

Nopal Cactus (Opuntia Ficus-Indica) as a Holographic Material

1
Optical Department, National Institute of Astrophysics Optics and Electronics (INAOE), Luis Enrique Erro No.1, Tonantzintla, Puebla 72840, Mexico
2
Engineering Faculty, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla 72000, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2012, 5(11), 2383-2402; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma5112383
Received: 21 September 2012 / Revised: 8 October 2012 / Accepted: 23 October 2012 / Published: 20 November 2012
The nopal cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) releases a substance through its mucilage, which comes from the degradation of pectic substances and chlorophyll. Combined in a polyvinyl alcohol matrix, this substance can be used as a recording medium. The resulting extract material has excellent photosensitizer properties, is easy to handle, has a low cost, and low toxicity. This material has the property of self-developing, and it can be used in holographic applications. The polyvinyl alcohol and extract from the nopal cactus was deposited by a gravity technique on a glass substrate, which dried to form a photosensitive emulsion. We show experimental results on a holographic grating using this material, written by a He-Cd laser (442 nm). We obtained diffraction gratings by transmission with a diffraction efficiency of approximately 32.3% to first order. View Full-Text
Keywords: holographic material; diffraction gratings; holography; pheophytins; biopolymer; nanosciences; chlorophyll holographic material; diffraction gratings; holography; pheophytins; biopolymer; nanosciences; chlorophyll
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olivares-Pérez, A.; Toxqui-López, S.; Padilla-Velasco, A.L. Nopal Cactus (Opuntia Ficus-Indica) as a Holographic Material. Materials 2012, 5, 2383-2402. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma5112383

AMA Style

Olivares-Pérez A, Toxqui-López S, Padilla-Velasco AL. Nopal Cactus (Opuntia Ficus-Indica) as a Holographic Material. Materials. 2012; 5(11):2383-2402. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma5112383

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olivares-Pérez, Arturo, Santa Toxqui-López, and Ana L. Padilla-Velasco. 2012. "Nopal Cactus (Opuntia Ficus-Indica) as a Holographic Material" Materials 5, no. 11: 2383-2402. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma5112383

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