Next Article in Journal
Polymer Hydrogel/Polybutadiene/Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Hybrid Actuators for the Characterization of NiTi Implants
Next Article in Special Issue
Combined System of Activated Sludge and Ozonation for the Treatment of Kraft E1 Effluent
Previous Article in Journal
Preparation of Novel Banana-Shaped Triple Helical Liquid Crystals by Metal Coordination
Previous Article in Special Issue
Surfactant-mediated Biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Open AccessReview

Anaerobic Biodegradation of Detergent Surfactants

Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Osterfelder Str. 3, 46047 Oberhausen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2009, 2(1), 181-206; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma2010181
Received: 4 February 2009 / Revised: 5 March 2009 / Accepted: 12 March 2009 / Published: 16 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradability of Materials)
Detergent surfactantscan be found in wastewater in relevant concentrations. Most of them are known as ready degradable under aerobic conditions, as required by European legislation. Far fewer surfactants have been tested so far for biodegradability under anaerobic conditions. The natural environment is predominantly aerobic, but there are some environmental compartments such as river sediments, sub-surface soil layer and anaerobic sludge digesters of wastewater treatment plants which have strictly anaerobic conditions. This review gives an overview on anaerobic biodegradation processes, the methods for testing anaerobic biodegradability, and the anaerobic biodegradability of different detergent surfactant types (anionic, nonionic, cationic, amphoteric surfactants). View Full-Text
Keywords: Detergent surfactant; anaerobic biodegradation; test systems Detergent surfactant; anaerobic biodegradation; test systems
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Merrettig-Bruns, U.; Jelen, E. Anaerobic Biodegradation of Detergent Surfactants. Materials 2009, 2, 181-206.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop