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Article

Metal Content and Structure of Textiles in Textile Metal Threads in Croatia from 17th to 20th Century

1
Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Natural Science Laboratory Institute, Croatian Conservation, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ivo Grabchev
Materials 2022, 15(1), 251; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010251
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 22 December 2021 / Accepted: 23 December 2021 / Published: 29 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Collection of Papers in Materials Science from Croatia)
Textile metal threads were used to decorate historical Croatian textiles. There are three basic types of metal threads usually used on historical textiles in Croatia. These are narrow stripes, wires, and combined metal textile yarn called “srma”, made of metal thread spirally wrapped around the nonmetal textile yarn. Textile yarns were made of silk, linen, wool, or cotton. Metal threads were primarily made of gold, silver, and copper, and different alloys of these metals or threads are layered in the structure. Analysis of metal threads with three different methods was made and the most adequate method for the analysis of metal threads from historical textiles was established. Metal thread analysis was performed with scanning electron microscopy with an energy-dispersive X-ray detector (SEM-EDX), which was determined to be the most suitable for the analysis of historical textiles if cross-section analysis of metal threads is also performed. Textile threads from combined metal textile threads were analysed with a light microscope. This information of the metal threads’ content and structure as well as the composition of textile thread can lead to an understanding of the technology of production threads and also temporal and spatial dating of textile objects which is helpful to conservators and restorers of valuable historical textiles. View Full-Text
Keywords: textile metal threads; Croatian historical textiles; analysis; SEM-EDX; cross-section textile metal threads; Croatian historical textiles; analysis; SEM-EDX; cross-section
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šimić, K.; Soljačić, I.; Mudronja, D.; Petrović Leš, T. Metal Content and Structure of Textiles in Textile Metal Threads in Croatia from 17th to 20th Century. Materials 2022, 15, 251. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010251

AMA Style

Šimić K, Soljačić I, Mudronja D, Petrović Leš T. Metal Content and Structure of Textiles in Textile Metal Threads in Croatia from 17th to 20th Century. Materials. 2022; 15(1):251. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010251

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šimić, Kristina, Ivo Soljačić, Domagoj Mudronja, and Tihana Petrović Leš. 2022. "Metal Content and Structure of Textiles in Textile Metal Threads in Croatia from 17th to 20th Century" Materials 15, no. 1: 251. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010251

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