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Article

The Effect of Complex Modification on the Impedance of Cement Matrices

1
Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Building Materials, Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University, Studencheskaya Str. 7, 426009 Izhevsk, Russia
2
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Vevěrí 95, CZ-6S1200 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Department of Constructing Mining Enterprises and Underground Structures, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Hyeong-Ki Kim and Yue Xiao
Materials 2021, 14(3), 557; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14030557
Received: 2 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Silicate Solid Waste Recycling)
The research results presented in this article were obtained by joint scientific research on creatingcement materials with reduced impedance. It is known that functional additives added to impart electrically conductive properties have a negative impact on physical and mechanical characteristics of the material. This study suggests using the multiwall carbon nanotubes in the amount of 7% from binder mass as a functional additive. The results obtained prove that the addition of this amount of the modifier does not lead to a significant decrease of strength characteristics. Calcium nitrate in the amount of 1–7% was added in order to level the strength loss and to ensure the effective stable electrical conductivity. The multifunctionality of using this salt has been proven, which is manifested in the anti-frost and anticorrosive effects as well in enhancement of electrical conductivity. The optimal composition of the additive with 7% of carbon nanotubes and 3% of calcium nitrate ensures a reduced electrical impedance of cement matrix. The electrical conductivity was 2440 Ohm, while the decrease of strength properties was within 10% in comparison tothe control sample. The nature of changes in the microstructure were studied to determine the influence of complex modifications that showed significant changes in the morphology of the hydration products. The optimum electrical characteristics of cementitious materials are provided due to the uniform distribution of carbon nanotubes and the formation of a network of interconnected micropores filled with the solution of calcium nitrate that provides additional and stable electrical conductivity over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: impedance; cement binders; morphology; structure; multiwall nanotubes; complex modification impedance; cement binders; morphology; structure; multiwall nanotubes; complex modification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yakovlev, G.; Vít, Č.; Polyanskikh, I.; Gordina, A.; Pudov, I.; Gumenyuk, A.; Smirnova, O. The Effect of Complex Modification on the Impedance of Cement Matrices. Materials 2021, 14, 557. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14030557

AMA Style

Yakovlev G, Vít Č, Polyanskikh I, Gordina A, Pudov I, Gumenyuk A, Smirnova O. The Effect of Complex Modification on the Impedance of Cement Matrices. Materials. 2021; 14(3):557. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14030557

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yakovlev, Grigory, Černý Vít, Irina Polyanskikh, Anastasiya Gordina, Igor Pudov, Alexander Gumenyuk, and Olga Smirnova. 2021. "The Effect of Complex Modification on the Impedance of Cement Matrices" Materials 14, no. 3: 557. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14030557

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