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Article

Parameter Study on Friction Surfacing of AISI316Ti Stainless Steel over EN8 Carbon Steel and Its Effect on Coating Dimensions and Bond Strength

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai 600119, India
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Department of Physics, Shyam Lal College, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110032, India
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vaageswari College of Engineering, Telengana 505481, India
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, P. A. College of Engineering, (Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi), Mangaluru 574153, India
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Technology, Glocal University, Delhi-Yamunotri Marg, SH-57, Mirzapur Pole, Saharanpur District, Uttar Pradesh 247121, India
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325-3903, USA
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Adam Grajcar, Francisca G. Caballero and Tomasz Trzepieciński
Materials 2021, 14(17), 4967; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174967
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 29 July 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 31 August 2021
Friction surfacing is a solid-state coating process that uses plastic deformation to improve the efficiency of the core metallic pattern, resulting in fine-grained coatings with superior wear and corrosion properties. This article focuses on the development of inherently homogeneous, non-diluted coating of AISI316Ti stainless steel above EN8 and also encloses the empirical relationship for the prediction of bond strength (Bs), coating thickness (Ct), and coating width (Cw). The key individualities for bonding geometry were believed to be the process parameters such as rotational speed (rpm), traverse speed (mm/s), and axial load (kN). The effect of input parameters on the bond’s external dimensions and strength was investigated using a multi-objective optimization approach through experimentation. The bond’s strength improved as the coating thickness was reduced and the coating width was increased. The grain-refined coatings superimposing martensitic microstructure with no deposition of carbide particles added value to the metallurgical study using the scanning electron microscope. View Full-Text
Keywords: friction surfacing; AISI316Ti stainless steel over EN8 carbon steel; response surface methodology; bond strength; depth of coating and coating width friction surfacing; AISI316Ti stainless steel over EN8 carbon steel; response surface methodology; bond strength; depth of coating and coating width
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rethnam, G.S.N.; Manivel, S.; Sharma, V.K.; Srinivas, C.; Afzal, A.; Razak R.K., A.; Alamri, S.; Saleel, C.A. Parameter Study on Friction Surfacing of AISI316Ti Stainless Steel over EN8 Carbon Steel and Its Effect on Coating Dimensions and Bond Strength. Materials 2021, 14, 4967. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174967

AMA Style

Rethnam GSN, Manivel S, Sharma VK, Srinivas C, Afzal A, Razak R.K. A, Alamri S, Saleel CA. Parameter Study on Friction Surfacing of AISI316Ti Stainless Steel over EN8 Carbon Steel and Its Effect on Coating Dimensions and Bond Strength. Materials. 2021; 14(17):4967. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174967

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rethnam, George S.N., Subramanian Manivel, Vijay K. Sharma, Chidurala Srinivas, Asif Afzal, Abdul Razak R.K., Sagr Alamri, and C. A. Saleel. 2021. "Parameter Study on Friction Surfacing of AISI316Ti Stainless Steel over EN8 Carbon Steel and Its Effect on Coating Dimensions and Bond Strength" Materials 14, no. 17: 4967. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174967

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