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Open AccessArticle

Novel Dental Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Containing Phytoncide for Antifungal Effect and Inhibition of Oral Multispecies Biofilm

by Myung-Jin Lee 1,†, Min-Ji Kim 1,2,†, Sang-Hwan Oh 3 and Jae-Sung Kwon 1,2,*
1
Department and Research Institute of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
BK21 PLUS Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Medical Science, Konyang University, Daejeon 35365, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally to the work and share the first authorship.
Materials 2020, 13(2), 371; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13020371
Received: 24 November 2019 / Revised: 2 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 13 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
Despite the many advantages of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) as a dental polymer, its antifungal and antibacterial effects remain limited. Here, phytoncide was incorporated into PMMA to inhibit fungal and biofilm accumulation without impairing the basic and biological properties of PMMA. A variable amount of phytoncide (0 wt % to 5 wt %) was incorporated into PMMA, and the basic material properties of microhardness, flexural strength and gloss were evaluated. In addition, cell viability was confirmed by MTT assay. This MTT assay measures cell viability via metabolic activity, and the color intensity of the formazan correlates viable cells. The fungal adhesion and viability on the PMMA surfaces were evaluated using Candida albicans (a pathogenic yeast). Finally, the thickness of saliva-derived biofilm was estimated. The flexural strength of PMMA decreased with increasing phytoncide contents, whereas there were no significant differences in the microhardness and gloss (p > 0.05) and the cell viability (p > 0.05) between the control and the phytoncide-incorporated PMMA samples. The amounts of adherent Candida albicans colony-forming unit (CFU) counts, and saliva-derived biofilm thickness were significantly lower in the phytoncide-incorporated PMMA compared to the control (p < 0.05). Hence, it was concluded that the incorporation of appropriate amounts of phytoncide in PMMA demonstrated antifungal effects while maintaining the properties, which could be a possible use in dentistry application such as denture base resin. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly (methyl methacrylate); phytoncide; antifungal; dental polymer; oral biofilm poly (methyl methacrylate); phytoncide; antifungal; dental polymer; oral biofilm
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Lee, M.-J.; Kim, M.-J.; Oh, S.-H.; Kwon, J.-S. Novel Dental Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Containing Phytoncide for Antifungal Effect and Inhibition of Oral Multispecies Biofilm. Materials 2020, 13, 371.

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