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Some of the Latest Active Strengthening Techniques for Masonry Buildings: A Critical Analysis
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Materials 2019, 12(7), 1171; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12071171

Combined Strengthening Techniques to Improve the Out-of-Plane Performance of Masonry Walls

Department of Civil, Environmental and Materials Engineering—DICAM, Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
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Received: 18 February 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reinforcement and Repair Materials for Masonry Structures)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to improve the performance of walls under out-of-plane loads especially when subjected to the hammering action of the floors. The idea behind the paper is to provide the masonry walls with a device that behaves like a buttress, without having to build a traditional buttress. The solution presented in this paper consists of a mechanical coupling between the three-dimensional net of steel ribbons of the CAM (Active Confinement of Masonry) system and the CFRP (Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer) strips. Since the steel ribbons of the CAM system have a pre-tension, the mechanical coupling allows the steel ribbons to establish a semi-rigid transverse link between the CFRP strips bonded on the two opposite sides of a wall. Therefore, two vertical CFRP strips tied by the steel ribbons behave like the flanges of an I-beam and the flexural strength of the ideal I-beam counteracts the out-of-plane displacements of the wall. The experimental results showed that the combined technique inherits the strong points of both constituent techniques. In fact, the delamination load is comparable to that of the specimens reinforced with the CFRP strips and the overall behavior is as ductile as for the specimens reinforced with the CAM system. They also inspired a more performing combined technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: masonry buildings; out-of-plane strength; hammering actions; seismic retrofitting; bracing; dissipative systems; CAM system; CFRP strips masonry buildings; out-of-plane strength; hammering actions; seismic retrofitting; bracing; dissipative systems; CAM system; CFRP strips
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ferretti, E.; Pascale, G. Combined Strengthening Techniques to Improve the Out-of-Plane Performance of Masonry Walls. Materials 2019, 12, 1171.

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