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Nanomaterial Applications in Photothermal Therapy for Cancer

1
Biophotonics Research Laboratory, Center for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Education and Research, College of Mathematics and Science, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OH 73034, USA
2
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Mathematics and Science, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OH 73034, USA
3
Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OH 73104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(5), 779; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12050779
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 24 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photothermal Therapy of Nanomaterials)
As a result of their unique compositions and properties, nanomaterials have recently seen a tremendous increase in use for novel cancer therapies. By taking advantage of the optical absorption of near-infrared light, researchers have utilized nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes, gold nanorods, and graphene oxide sheets to enhance photothermal therapies and target the effect on the tumor tissue. However, new uses for nanomaterials in targeted cancer therapy are coming to light, and the efficacy of photothermal therapy has increased dramatically. In this work, we review some of the current applications of nanomaterials to enhance photothermal therapy, specifically as photothermal absorbers, drug delivery vehicles, photoimmunological agents, and theranostic tools. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; metastatic; photothermal therapy; ablation; nanomaterials; combination therapy cancer; metastatic; photothermal therapy; ablation; nanomaterials; combination therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Doughty, A.C.V.; Hoover, A.R.; Layton, E.; Murray, C.K.; Howard, E.W.; Chen, W.R. Nanomaterial Applications in Photothermal Therapy for Cancer. Materials 2019, 12, 779. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12050779

AMA Style

Doughty ACV, Hoover AR, Layton E, Murray CK, Howard EW, Chen WR. Nanomaterial Applications in Photothermal Therapy for Cancer. Materials. 2019; 12(5):779. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12050779

Chicago/Turabian Style

Doughty, Austin C.V., Ashley R. Hoover, Elivia Layton, Cynthia K. Murray, Eric W. Howard, and Wei R. Chen 2019. "Nanomaterial Applications in Photothermal Therapy for Cancer" Materials 12, no. 5: 779. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12050779

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