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Open AccessArticle

Yield Stress and Reversible Strain in Titanium Nickelide Alloys after Warm Abc Pressing

Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, 634055, Russia
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Materials 2019, 12(19), 3258; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12193258
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 October 2019 / Published: 6 October 2019
The results of the position analysis of the yield stress τ0.3 on the "stress–strain" (τ–γ) dependences, received at the torsion of specimens of Ti49.8Ni50.2 (at%) alloy are presented. The critical stress τ0.3 (IV), corresponding to the end of linear stage III and the beginning of the intensive development of plastic strain at stage IV, preceding the fracture of the specimens, were obtained as well. The structure of the specimens was transformed from coarse-grained to microcrystalline as a result of warm (723 K) abc pressing with a true deformation e of 8.4. The regularities of the development of reversible inelastic strain (superelasticity, SE, and shape memory effect, SME) and plastic strain γpl after isothermal (295 K) loading of specimens up to τ ≤ τ0.3(IV), unloading, and their subsequent heating up to 500 K are studied. From the joint analysis of the “τ–γ” dependences obtained at 295 K and "plastic strain–total strain" dependences the yield stress τ0.3 corresponding to the development of 0.3% of the plastic strain under loading of the specimens was determined. Critical stress τ0.3(IV) was determined as equal to the stress corresponding to a deviation of 0.3% from the linear “τ–γ”dependence at stage III. It is shown that the yield stress τ0.3 for all specimens is localized at the beginning of stage III for all specimens. The ratio τ0.3(IV)/τ0.3 is from 2.3 to 3.8. The accumulation of plastic strain at stage III (after loading with τ from τ0.3 to τ0.3(IV)) is from 2.4% to 4.7% (depending on the true deformation of the specimens during warm abc pressing). Thus, stage III is the stage of deformation hardening of specimens under torsion. On the basis of the results of this and previous works it is shown that, in alloys with thermoelastic martensitic transformations and with thermomechanical memory, the ratio τ0.3(IV)/τ0.3 can vary in a wide range: in reinforced specimens τ0.3 can be close to τ0.3(IV), and in more ductile specimens τ0.3 can be significantly less than τ0.3(IV). However, in order to correctly determine the yield stress of τ0.3 and the corresponding strain γt(0.3), it is necessary to carry out a joint analysis of “τ–γ” and "plastic strain–total strain" dependencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: martensitic transformations; superelasticity; shape memory; yield stress; plastic strain; abc pressing; torsion deformation martensitic transformations; superelasticity; shape memory; yield stress; plastic strain; abc pressing; torsion deformation
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Lotkov, A.; Grishkov, V.; Baturin, A.; Timkin, V.; Zhapova, D. Yield Stress and Reversible Strain in Titanium Nickelide Alloys after Warm Abc Pressing. Materials 2019, 12, 3258.

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