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Open AccessArticle

Microstructure and Mechanical Behaviors of Titanium Matrix Composites Containing In Situ Whiskers Synthesized via Plasma Activated Sintering

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
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Materials 2018, 11(4), 544; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11040544
Received: 10 March 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 28 March 2018 / Published: 2 April 2018
In this paper, titanium matrix composites with in situ TiB whiskers were synthesized by the plasma activated sintering technique; crystalline boron and amorphous boron were used as reactants for in situ reactions, respectively. The influence of the sintering process and the crystallography type of boron on the microstructure and mechanical properties of composites were studied and compared. The densities were evaluated using Archimedes’ principle. The microstructure and mechanical properties were characterized by SEM, XRD, EBSD, TEM, a universal testing machine, and a Vickers hardness tester. The prepared composite material showed a high density and excellent comprehensive performance under the PAS condition of 20 MPa at 1000 °C for 3 min. Amorphous boron had a higher reaction efficiency than crystalline boron, and it completely reacted with the titanium matrix to generate TiB whiskers, while there was still a certain amount of residual crystalline boron combining well with the titanium matrix at 1100 °C. The composite samples with a relative density of 98.33%, Vickers hardness of 389.75 HV, compression yield strength of up to 1190 MPa, and an ultimate compressive strength of up to 1710 MPa were obtained. Compared with the matrix material, the compressive strength of TC4 titanium alloy containing crystalline boron and amorphous boron was increased by 7.64% and 15.50%, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: titanium matrix composite; plasma activated sintering; crystalline boron; amorphous boron; mechanical property titanium matrix composite; plasma activated sintering; crystalline boron; amorphous boron; mechanical property
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Sun, Y.; Zhang, J.; Luo, G.; Shen, Q.; Zhang, L. Microstructure and Mechanical Behaviors of Titanium Matrix Composites Containing In Situ Whiskers Synthesized via Plasma Activated Sintering. Materials 2018, 11, 544.

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