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Energies 2015, 8(6), 5782-5799;

Horizontal and Vertical Reinforcement in Global Climate Governance

Environmental Research Center, Free University Berlin and Institute of Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam, Patschkauer Weg 51, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Academic Editor: Erik Gawel
Received: 25 February 2015 / Accepted: 8 June 2015 / Published: 16 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Policy and Climate Change)
Full-Text   |   PDF [846 KB, uploaded 16 June 2015]   |  


This paper is dealing with mechanisms that can accelerate the global diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. The accelerated diffusion of low-carbon technology innovation can possibly be achieved by interactive processes such as: (1) mutually reinforcing cycles of policy-induced domestic market growth, innovation, and policy feedback; (2) lead markets and political lesson-drawing, the reinforced international adoption of innovations from pioneer countries; and (3) interaction between the vertical and horizontal dynamics in multi-level systems of governance. The three mechanisms are not exclusive. They can overlap and reinforce each other. After a theoretical introduction they will be described. The empirical focus is on the European system of multi-level climate governance. The paper draws some final conclusions for policy makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate policy; innovation/diffusion; multi-level governance; European Union climate policy; innovation/diffusion; multi-level governance; European Union

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Jänicke, M. Horizontal and Vertical Reinforcement in Global Climate Governance. Energies 2015, 8, 5782-5799.

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