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Article

Resilience in an Evolving Electrical Grid

1
Alaska Center for Energy and Power, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
2
School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
3
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
4
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354, USA
5
Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA
6
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Alaska, Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nick Papanikolaou
Energies 2021, 14(3), 694; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14030694
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 10 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
Fundamental shifts in the structure and generation profile of electrical grids are occurring amidst increased demand for resilience. These two simultaneous trends create the need for new planning and operational practices for modern grids that account for the compounding uncertainties inherent in both resilience assessment and increasing contribution of variable inverter-based renewable energy sources. This work reviews the research work addressing the changing generation profile, state-of-the-art practices to address resilience, and research works at the intersection of these two topics in regards to electrical grids. The contribution of this work is to highlight the ongoing research in power system resilience and integration of variable inverter-based renewable energy sources in electrical grids, and to identify areas of current and further study at this intersection. Areas of research identified at this intersection include cyber-physical analysis of solar, wind, and distributed energy resources, microgrids, network evolution and observability, substation automation and self-healing, and probabilistic planning and operation methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; reliability; power system operation; power system planning; renewable energies; inverter-based generation; digitalization resilience; reliability; power system operation; power system planning; renewable energies; inverter-based generation; digitalization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cicilio, P.; Glennon, D.; Mate, A.; Barnes, A.; Chalishazar, V.; Cotilla-Sanchez, E.; Vaagensmith, B.; Gentle, J.; Rieger, C.; Wies, R.; Kapourchali, M.H. Resilience in an Evolving Electrical Grid. Energies 2021, 14, 694. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14030694

AMA Style

Cicilio P, Glennon D, Mate A, Barnes A, Chalishazar V, Cotilla-Sanchez E, Vaagensmith B, Gentle J, Rieger C, Wies R, Kapourchali MH. Resilience in an Evolving Electrical Grid. Energies. 2021; 14(3):694. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14030694

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cicilio, Phylicia, David Glennon, Adam Mate, Arthur Barnes, Vishvas Chalishazar, Eduardo Cotilla-Sanchez, Bjorn Vaagensmith, Jake Gentle, Craig Rieger, Richard Wies, and Mohammad H. Kapourchali 2021. "Resilience in an Evolving Electrical Grid" Energies 14, no. 3: 694. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14030694

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