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Emission Mitigation and Energy Security Trade-Off: Role of Natural Gas in the Indian Power Sector

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Global Change Programme Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India
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School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi 175005, India
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Department of Energy, Environment, and Climate, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok 12120, Thailand
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Department of Economics, Global Change Programme, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India
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Department of Media and Social Sciences, University of Stavanger, 4021 Stavanger, Norway
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Department of Energy and Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, 4021 Stavanger, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dimitrios Katsaprakakis
Energies 2021, 14(13), 3787; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133787
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 5 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
India’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) aim to increase the share of non-fossil fuel, especially renewables, in power generation. But at the same time, it mentions that coal is likely to dominate the power generation in the short and medium term to meet the increase in demand and support the intermittency of renewable energy-based power generation. Thus, additional efforts to transform the thermal power generation to a more efficient and less emitting one in the near term by increasing the use of natural gas (a fossil fuel with a lower emission factor than coal) may be planned towards achieving India’s additional mitigation commitments. The paper presents the implications of a proposed increase in the share of natural gas in thermal power generation of India by looking into the trade-off between emission mitigation and energy security. Along with a Reference Scenario, three alternative emission scenarios are proposed to understand the likely impacts of increased penetration of natural gas in power generation on India’s projected emission profile up to 2050. Results suggest that higher mitigation potential can be achieved through fuel-switch in thermal generation and technological up-gradation to enhance energy use efficiency. The energy security due to the increased share of natural gas imports can be dealt with by diversifying import sources. Shifts can achieve this in the emphasis on long-term contracts. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural gas; coal; energy transition; sustainability; energy security; India natural gas; coal; energy transition; sustainability; energy security; India
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MDPI and ACS Style

Das, N.; Dasgupta, S.; Roy, J.; Langhelle, O.; Assadi, M. Emission Mitigation and Energy Security Trade-Off: Role of Natural Gas in the Indian Power Sector. Energies 2021, 14, 3787. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133787

AMA Style

Das N, Dasgupta S, Roy J, Langhelle O, Assadi M. Emission Mitigation and Energy Security Trade-Off: Role of Natural Gas in the Indian Power Sector. Energies. 2021; 14(13):3787. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133787

Chicago/Turabian Style

Das, Nandini, Shyamasree Dasgupta, Joyashree Roy, Oluf Langhelle, and Mohsen Assadi. 2021. "Emission Mitigation and Energy Security Trade-Off: Role of Natural Gas in the Indian Power Sector" Energies 14, no. 13: 3787. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133787

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