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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Electric Vehicle–Grid Integration with Voltage Regulation in Radial Distribution Networks

by Chong Cao 1,*, Zhouquan Wu 1 and Bo Chen 1,2
1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(7), 1802; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13071802
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 27 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 8 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Systems for Transportation)
In this paper, a vehicle–grid integration (VGI) control strategy for radial power distribution networks is presented. The control schemes are designed at both microgrid level and distribution level. At the VGI microgrid level, the available power capacity for electric vehicle (EV) charging is optimally allocated for charging electric vehicles to meet charging requirements. At the distribution grid level, a distributed voltage compensation algorithm is designed to recover voltage violation when it happens at a distribution node. The voltage compensation is achieved through a negotiation between the grid-level agent and VGI microgrid agents using the alternating direction method of multipliers. In each negotiation round, individual agents pursue their own objectives. The computation can be carried out in parallel for each agent. The presented VGI control schemes are simulated and verified in a modified IEEE 37 bus distribution system. The simulation results are presented to show the effectiveness of the VGI control algorithms and the effect of algorithm parameters on the convergence of agent negotiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicle–grid integration; distribution network voltage regulation; alternating direction method of multipliers vehicle–grid integration; distribution network voltage regulation; alternating direction method of multipliers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, C.; Wu, Z.; Chen, B. Electric Vehicle–Grid Integration with Voltage Regulation in Radial Distribution Networks. Energies 2020, 13, 1802.

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