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Open AccessArticle

‘Sticky’ Policies—Three Country Cases on Long-Term Commitment and Rooting of RE Policy Goals

1
Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, Latokartanonkaari 11, 00790 Helsinki, Finland
2
VATT Institute for Economic Research, PL 1279, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(6), 1351; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061351
Received: 30 December 2019 / Revised: 25 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
Denmark, Germany, and Finland are countries that have emerged as technology leaders in key renewable energy fields—wind energy, solar power, and bioenergy. In this article, we dig into the policy trajectories of these countries and concentrate particularly on a phenomenon that is common for them all—the long-term commitment to promoting particular renewable energy (RE) technologies. Analyzing commitment, its causes and its consequences, can be considered important, as earlier findings show that long-term, consistent policy signals are a key for policy success. In this article, we point out that this ‘sticking’ to a RE technology has emerged and manifested in multiple ways in the case countries. Examples include relying on existing cultural capacities when navigating energy policy direction, strategically promoting scaling of technology markets to root new energy practices in society and developing energy policies as an extension of existing socio-technical structures. In order to understand these dynamics in more depth, we utilize literature on policy robustness and resilience. While all the case countries, Denmark, Germany, and Finland, have generated robust RE policy goals, Finland has failed to foster resilience simultaneously. We conclude that analysing stickiness of policy elements can be fruitful when seeking to understand and design transformative policies. Further, it can be taken as a complementary analytical perspective in the policy mix studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; policy mix; adaptiveness; robustness; resilience; Denmark; Germany; Finland; wind energy; solar power; bioenergy renewable energy; policy mix; adaptiveness; robustness; resilience; Denmark; Germany; Finland; wind energy; solar power; bioenergy
MDPI and ACS Style

Berg, A.; Lukkarinen, J.; Ollikka, K. ‘Sticky’ Policies—Three Country Cases on Long-Term Commitment and Rooting of RE Policy Goals. Energies 2020, 13, 1351.

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