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Analysis of the Temperature Characteristics of Three-Phase Coaxial Superconducting Power Cable according to a Liquid Nitrogen Circulation Method for Real-Grid Application in Korea

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773, Korea
2
Korea Electric Power Corporation Research Institute, Daejeon 34056, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1740; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091740
Received: 14 April 2019 / Revised: 3 May 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
Large-capacity superconducting power cables are in the spotlight to replace existing underground transmission power cables for energy power transmission. Among them, the three-phase coaxial superconducting power cable has the economic advantage of reducing the superconducting shielding layer by enabling magnetic shielding when the three phases are homogeneous without an independent superconducting shielding layer for magnetic shielding. In order to develop the three-phase coaxial superconducting power cable, the electrical and structural design should be carried out to construct the superconducting layer. However, the thermal design and analysis for the cooling of the three-phase coaxial superconducting power cable must be done first, so that the electrical design can be made using the temperature transferred to the superconducting layer. The three-phase coaxial superconducting cable requires a cooling system to circulate the cryogenic refrigerant for cooling below a certain temperature, and the structure of the cable through which the cryogenic refrigerant travels must also be analyzed. In this paper, the authors conducted a longitudinal temperature analysis according to the structure of the refrigerant circulation system of the cable and proposed a refrigerant circulation system suitable for this development. The temperature profile according to this analysis was then used as a function of temperature for the electrical (superconducting and insulating layers) design of the three-phase coaxial superconducting power cable. It is also expected to be used to analyze the cooling structure of the three-phase coaxial superconducting power cable installed in the real grid system. View Full-Text
Keywords: high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable; three-phase coaxial HTS cable; cryogenic cooling method high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable; three-phase coaxial HTS cable; cryogenic cooling method
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Lee, S.-J.; Sung, H.-J.; Park, M.; Won, D.; Yoo, J.; Yang, H.S. Analysis of the Temperature Characteristics of Three-Phase Coaxial Superconducting Power Cable according to a Liquid Nitrogen Circulation Method for Real-Grid Application in Korea. Energies 2019, 12, 1740.

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