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Energies 2019, 12(3), 333; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030333

Wave Energy Assessment around the Aegadian Islands (Sicily)

1
Department of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace, Materials Engineering (DICAM), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Bd. 8, 90128 Palermo, Italy
2
Department of Civil, Chemical and Environmental Engineering (DICCA), University of Genoa, Via Montallegro, 1, 16145 Genova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Wind, Wave and Tidal Energy)
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Abstract

This paper presents the estimation of the wave energy potential around the Aegadian islands (Italy), carried out on the basis of high resolution wave hindcast. This reanalysis was developed employing Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) and WAVEWATCH III ® models for the modelling of the atmosphere and the waves, respectively. Wave climate has been determined using the above-mentioned 32-year dataset covering the years from 1979 to 2010. To improve the information about wave characteristics regarding spatial details, i.e., increasing wave model resolution, especially in the nearshore region around the islands, a SWAN (Simulating WAves Nearshore) wave propagation model was used. Results obtained through the development of the nearshore analysis detected four energetic hotspots close to the coast of the islands. Near Marettimo island, only one hotspot was detected with a maximum wave energy flux of 9 kW/m, whereas, around Favignana, three hotspots were identified with a maximum wave energy flux of 6.5 kW/m. Such values of available wave energy resource are promising to develop different projects for wave energy converters in specific areas along the coast, in order to improve the energetic independence of Aegadian islands. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy; resource assessment; WaveWatch III; SWAN; flexible mesh model; renewable energy wave energy; resource assessment; WaveWatch III; SWAN; flexible mesh model; renewable energy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lo Re, C.; Manno, G.; Ciraolo, G.; Besio, G. Wave Energy Assessment around the Aegadian Islands (Sicily). Energies 2019, 12, 333.

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