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Energies 2019, 12(1), 186; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010186

Analysis of the Performance of Various PV Module Technologies in Peru

1
IDEA Research Group, University of Jaén, Campus de Las Lagunillas, 23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Renewable Energy Center, National Engineering University, Av. Túpac Amaru 210, Of. B1-260, Lima 25, Perú
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 2 January 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 8 January 2019
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Abstract

A knowledge gap exists about the actual behavior of PV grid-connected systems (PVGCS) using various PV technologies in Peru. This paper presents the results of an over three-year-long performance evaluation of a 3.3-kWp monocrystalline silicon (sc-Si) PVGCS located in Arequipa, a 3.3-kWp sc-Si PVGCS located in Tacna, and a 3-kWp policrystalline (mc-Si) PVGCS located in Lima. An assessment of the performance of a 3.5-kWp amorphous silicon/crystalline silicon hetero-junction (a-Si/µc-Si) PVGCS during over one and a half years of being in Lima is also presented. The annual final yields obtained lie within 1770–1992 kWh/kW, 1505–1540 kWh/kW, and 736–833 kWh/kW for Arequipa, Tacna, and Lima, respectively, while the annual PV array energy yield achieved by a-Si/µc-Si is 1338 kWh/kW. The annual performance ratio stays in the vicinity of 0.83 for sc-Si in Arequipa and Tacna while this parameter ranges from 0.70 to 0.77 for mc-Si in Lima. An outstanding DC annual performance ratio of 0.97 is found for a-Si/µc-Si in the latter site. The use of sc-Si and presumably, mc-Si PV modules in desert climates, such as that of Arequipa and Tacna, is encouraged. However, sc-Si and presumably, mc-Si-technologies experience remarkable temperature and low irradiance losses in Lima. By contrast, a-Si/µc-Si PV modules perform much better in the latter site thanks to being less influenced by both temperature and low light levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: PV technologies; performance ratio; yields; Peru PV technologies; performance ratio; yields; Peru
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Romero-Fiances, I.; Muñoz-Cerón, E.; Espinoza-Paredes, R.; Nofuentes, G.; De la Casa, J. Analysis of the Performance of Various PV Module Technologies in Peru. Energies 2019, 12, 186.

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