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Open AccessArticle

Model for Estimation of Fuel Consumption of Cruise Ships

Western Norway Research Institute, 6851 Sogndal, Norway
School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, 39182 Kalmar, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(5), 1059;
Received: 22 March 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
This article presents a model to estimate the energy use and fuel consumption of cruise ships that sail Norwegian waters. Automatic identification system (AIS) data and technical information about cruise ships provided input to the model, including service speed, total power, and number of engines. The model was tested against real-world data obtained from a small cruise vessel and both a medium and large cruise ship. It is sensitive to speed and the corresponding engine load profile of the ship. A crucial determinate for total fuel consumption is also associated with hotel functions, which can make a large contribution to the overall energy use of cruise ships. Real-world data fits the model best when ship speed is 70–75% of service speed. With decreased or increased speed, the model tends to diverge from real-world observations. The model gives a proxy for calculation of fuel consumption associated with cruise ships that sail to Norwegian waters and can be used to estimate greenhouse gas emissions and to evaluate energy reduction strategies for cruise ships. View Full-Text
Keywords: cruise ship; AIS-data; fuel consumption; energy use; CO2 emissions cruise ship; AIS-data; fuel consumption; energy use; CO2 emissions
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Simonsen, M.; Walnum, H.J.; Gössling, S. Model for Estimation of Fuel Consumption of Cruise Ships. Energies 2018, 11, 1059.

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