Next Article in Journal
Distribution System Operation with Electric Vehicle Charging Schedules and Renewable Energy Resources
Previous Article in Journal
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Measurement of Oil and Water Distributions in Spontaneous Imbibition Process in Tight Oil Reservoirs
Previous Article in Special Issue
Study of the Application of Alkaline Extrusion to the Pretreatment of Eucalyptus Biomass as First Step in a Bioethanol Production Process
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(11), 3115;

An Overview of Recent Developments in Biomass Pyrolysis Technologies

Sustainable Energy Management, IGES, Prince of Songkhla University, Hatyai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand
Environmental Assessment & Technology for Hazardous Waste Management Research Center, Faculty of Environmental Management, Prince of Songkhla University, Hatyai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand
Center of Excellence on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM), Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkhla University, Hatyai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand
School of Engineering & Technology, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton QLD 4701, Australia
Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney NSW 2007, Australia
Biofuel Engine Research Facility (BERF), Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane QLD 4000, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2018 / Revised: 4 November 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 10 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Processing for Biofuels, Bioenergy and Chemicals)
PDF [848 KB, uploaded 10 November 2018]


Biomass is a promising sustainable and renewable energy source, due to its high diversity of sources, and as it is profusely obtainable everywhere in the world. It is the third most important fuel source used to generate electricity and for thermal applications, as 50% of the global population depends on biomass. The increase in availability and technological developments of recent years allow the use of biomass as a renewable energy source with low levels of emissions and environmental impacts. Biomass energy can be in the forms of biogas, bio-liquid, and bio-solid fuels. It can be used to replace fossil fuels in the power and transportation sectors. This paper critically reviews the facts and prospects of biomass, the pyrolysis process to obtain bio-oil, the impact of different pyrolysis technology (for example, temperature and speed of pyrolysis process), and the impact of various reactors. The paper also discusses different pyrolysis products, their yields, and factors affecting biomass products, including the present status of the pyrolysis process and future challenges. This study concluded that the characteristics of pyrolysis products depend on the biomass used, and what the pyrolysis product, such as bio-oil, can contribute to the local economy. Finally, more research, along with government subsidies and technology transfer, is needed to tackle the future challenges of the development of pyrolysis technology.
Keywords: renewable energy; biofuel; environment; technology development renewable energy; biofuel; environment; technology development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Uddin, M.N.; Techato, K.; Taweekun, J.; Mofijur, M.; Rasul, M.G.; Mahlia, T.M.I.; Ashrafur, S.M. An Overview of Recent Developments in Biomass Pyrolysis Technologies. Energies 2018, 11, 3115.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top