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Examining the Pathoplastic Moderating Role of Education on the Association between Depressive Mood and Self-Rated Health among Cancer Survivors: A Population-Based Study

1
School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2
Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Program, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
3
Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208, USA
4
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28(5), 4042-4052; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050343
Received: 26 August 2021 / Revised: 18 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
Objective: Self-rated health (SRH) is a salient patient outcome for cancer survivors, and depressive mood and education are known determinants of cancer survivors’ SRH. Moving beyond the well-established direct association between depressive mood, education, and SRH among cancer survivors, this epidemiological study investigated the pathoplastic role of education on depressive mood in relation to SRH among a nationally representative sample of cancer survivors in the United States. Methods: The 2019 National Health Interview Survey was analyzed using data from adult participants (≥18 years old) who self-reported as cancer survivors (n = 3844). Ordered logistic regression was used to evaluate the direct impact of depressive mood and education in relation to SRH. In addition, the pathoplastic moderating effect was evaluated using ordered logistic regression with an interaction term of depressive mood and education in the regression model. All analyses adjusted for complex sample weights so that findings are nationally representative. Results: After adjusting for all covariates, U.S. cancer survivors’ depressive mood was significantly associated with lower SRH, and U.S. cancer survivors’ higher education was significantly associated with higher SRH. As a pathoplastic moderator, cancer survivors’ education significantly moderated the association between depressive mood and SRH. The negative association between depressive mood and SRH was significantly greater among those with higher education. Conclusion: Moving beyond the direct association between depressive mood, education, and SRH, education served as a pathoplastic moderator in relation to depressive mood and SRH. Psycho-oncology providers need to be mindful of the “protective-risk” effect of education in relation to cancer survivors’ depressive mood and SRH. View Full-Text
Keywords: pathoplasticity; education; depression; self-rated health; cancer survivor pathoplasticity; education; depression; self-rated health; cancer survivor
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, A.; Wang, K.; DuVall, A.S. Examining the Pathoplastic Moderating Role of Education on the Association between Depressive Mood and Self-Rated Health among Cancer Survivors: A Population-Based Study. Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28, 4042-4052. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050343

AMA Style

Zhang A, Wang K, DuVall AS. Examining the Pathoplastic Moderating Role of Education on the Association between Depressive Mood and Self-Rated Health among Cancer Survivors: A Population-Based Study. Current Oncology. 2021; 28(5):4042-4052. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050343

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Anao, Kaipeng Wang, and Adam S. DuVall 2021. "Examining the Pathoplastic Moderating Role of Education on the Association between Depressive Mood and Self-Rated Health among Cancer Survivors: A Population-Based Study" Current Oncology 28, no. 5: 4042-4052. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050343

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