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The Usefulness of Spectral Mammography in Surgical Planning of Breast Cancer Treatment—Analysis of 999 Patients with Primary Operable Breast Cancer
Review

Breast Cancer Surgery: New Issues

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Division of Breast Surgery, IEO European Institute of Oncology, IRCCS, 20141 Milan, Italy
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Division of Breast Radiology, IEO European Institute of Oncology, IRCCS, 20141 Milan, Italy
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Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28(5), 4053-4066; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050344
Received: 29 August 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment)
Since ancient times, breast cancer treatment has crucially relied on surgeons and clinicians making great efforts to find increasingly conservative approaches to cure the tumor. In the Halstedian era (mid-late 19th century), the predominant practice consisted of the radical and disfiguring removal of the breast, much to the detriment of women’s psycho-physical well-being. Thanks to enlightened scientists such as Professor Umberto Veronesi, breast cancer surgery has since impressively progressed and adopted a much more conservative approach. Over the last three decades, a better understanding of tumor biology and of its significant biomarkers has made the assessment of genetic and molecular profiles increasingly important. At the same time, neo-adjuvant treatments have been introduced, and great improvements in genetics, imaging technologies and in both oncological and reconstructive surgical techniques have been made. The future of breast cancer management must now rest on an ever more precise and targeted type of surgery that, through an increasingly multidisciplinary and personalized approach, can ensure oncological radicality while offering the best possible quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; breast cancer surgery; breast conservative surgery; nipple sparing mastectomy; neo-adjuvant chemotherapy; hereditary breast cancer; margin breast cancer; breast cancer surgery; breast conservative surgery; nipple sparing mastectomy; neo-adjuvant chemotherapy; hereditary breast cancer; margin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Magnoni, F.; Alessandrini, S.; Alberti, L.; Polizzi, A.; Rotili, A.; Veronesi, P.; Corso, G. Breast Cancer Surgery: New Issues. Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28, 4053-4066. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050344

AMA Style

Magnoni F, Alessandrini S, Alberti L, Polizzi A, Rotili A, Veronesi P, Corso G. Breast Cancer Surgery: New Issues. Current Oncology. 2021; 28(5):4053-4066. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050344

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magnoni, Francesca, Sofia Alessandrini, Luca Alberti, Andrea Polizzi, Anna Rotili, Paolo Veronesi, and Giovanni Corso. 2021. "Breast Cancer Surgery: New Issues" Current Oncology 28, no. 5: 4053-4066. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050344

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