Next Article in Journal
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus as an Effect Modifier of the Association of Gestational Weight Gain with Perinatal Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study in China
Previous Article in Journal
Applications and Current Medico-Legal Challenges of Telemedicine in Ophthalmology
Article

Cat Ownership and Rural Residence Are Associated with Lyme Disease Prevalence in the Northeastern United States

1
Bassett Research Institute, Mary Imogene Bassett Hospital, Cooperstown, NY 13326, USA
2
Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University (State University of New York), Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5618; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095618
Received: 14 March 2022 / Revised: 22 April 2022 / Accepted: 27 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
Lyme disease (LD) is the most common vector-borne disease in the USA. Beyond its tick-borne nature, however, risk factors for LD are poorly understood. We used an online questionnaire to compare LD patients and non-LD counterparts and elucidate factors associated with LD. We investigated demographic, lifestyle, and household characteristics and use of prevention measures. Associations with LD were modeled using logistic regression, and average marginal effects were estimated. In total, 185 active or past LD patients and 139 non-patients participated. The majority of respondents were white (95%) and female (65%). Controlling for age, sex, and type of residential area, pet ownership was associated with an 11.1% (p = 0.038) increase in the probability of LD. This effect was limited to cat owners (OR: 2.143, p = 0.007; dog owners, OR: 1.398, p = 0.221). Living in rural areas was associated with a 36% (p = 0.001) increase in the probability of LD compared to living in an urban area. Participants who reported knowing someone with Lyme Disease were more likely to wear insect repellant and perform tick checks. This study suggests opportunities for improved LD prevention, including advising cat owners of their increased risk. Although patterns in adoption of LD prevention methods remain poorly understood, concern about LD risk does motivate their use. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lyme disease; tick-borne disease; risk factors; risk behaviors Lyme disease; tick-borne disease; risk factors; risk behaviors
MDPI and ACS Style

Roome, A.; Wander, K.; Garruto, R.M. Cat Ownership and Rural Residence Are Associated with Lyme Disease Prevalence in the Northeastern United States. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5618. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095618

AMA Style

Roome A, Wander K, Garruto RM. Cat Ownership and Rural Residence Are Associated with Lyme Disease Prevalence in the Northeastern United States. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5618. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095618

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roome, Amanda, Katherine Wander, and Ralph M. Garruto. 2022. "Cat Ownership and Rural Residence Are Associated with Lyme Disease Prevalence in the Northeastern United States" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5618. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095618

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop