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Article

Access to COVID-19 Vaccination during the Pandemic in the Informal Settlements of Rome

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Internal Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Sant’ Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University, 00189 Rome, Italy
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Medici per i Diritti Umani–MEDU (Doctors for Human Rights–Italy) NPO, 00185 Rome, Italy
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DISFOR–Department of Education Sciences, University of Genoa, 16128 Genoa, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 719; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020719
Received: 25 November 2021 / Revised: 29 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2022 / Published: 10 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Burden of COVID-19 in Different Countries)
With the advent of vaccines, the world has a chance to see a real end to the COVID-19 pandemic. To make this possible, however, it is necessary that all groups of people are considered. Contexts of informal settlements and populations such as the homeless and migrants are often forgotten by vaccination campaigns. In this study, carried out as a result of a collaboration with MEDU, a non-profit association aimed at bringing healthcare to vulnerable populations, we provide important data related to the vaccination campaign carried out in the informal settlements of Rome. The objectives of this work are to (1) evaluate vaccination coverage in these contexts, (2) assess the gap with the vaccination coverage of the Italian population and try to hypothesize the causes, and (3) provide recommendations for how humanitarian associations can respond to reduce this gap. We observed important differences in vaccination coverage depending on the type of settlement. The percentage of vaccinated people in these contexts at the beginning of October range between 14.4% and 55.5%, underlining an important gap with the vaccination rate of Italy’s population, which is close to 80%. The data also show that particular attention must be paid to the transiting and irregular people as they are more at risk for a lack of access to vaccination. With this study, in which we provide recommendations that integrate MEDU’s fieldwork experience with the advice of the Framework report, we hope we can help those who work in similar contexts, to carry out a fair and effective vaccination campaign. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 vaccine; vaccination campaign; public health; migrants; homeless COVID-19 vaccine; vaccination campaign; public health; migrants; homeless
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bentivegna, E.; Di Meo, S.; Carriero, A.; Capriotti, N.; Barbieri, A.; Martelletti, P. Access to COVID-19 Vaccination during the Pandemic in the Informal Settlements of Rome. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 719. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020719

AMA Style

Bentivegna E, Di Meo S, Carriero A, Capriotti N, Barbieri A, Martelletti P. Access to COVID-19 Vaccination during the Pandemic in the Informal Settlements of Rome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):719. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020719

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bentivegna, Enrico, Silvia Di Meo, Anita Carriero, Nadia Capriotti, Alberto Barbieri, and Paolo Martelletti. 2022. "Access to COVID-19 Vaccination during the Pandemic in the Informal Settlements of Rome" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 719. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020719

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