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Brief Report

Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy for Reducing Anxiety and Depression in Fibromyalgia

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Endocrinology and Internal Medicine Departments, Hospital Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08025 Barcelona, Spain
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Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER, Unit 747), 08025 Barcelona, Spain
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Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica-Sant Pau (IIB-SANT PAU), 08025 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Basic Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya (UIC), 08195 Barcelona, Spain
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Institute of Health Research of Aragon (IIS Aragón), Miguel Servet University Hospital, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Department of Basic, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
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Research Network on Chronicity, Primary Care and Health Promotion (RICAPPS) RD21/0016/0005, 50015 Zaragoza, Spain
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Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Elżbieta Skorupska and Pawel Piotr Dobrakowski
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 8152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138152
Received: 27 April 2022 / Revised: 10 June 2022 / Accepted: 28 June 2022 / Published: 2 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical and Psychological Health in Patients With Chronic Pain)
Fibromyalgia patients often experience anxiety and depressive symptoms; however, validated interventions show only limited efficacy. This pilot study analyzed the effects of a 16-session version of attachment-based compassion therapy (ABCT-16) for improving anxiety and depressive symptomatology, as well as self-compassion and decentering, in 11 fibromyalgia patients. Scales were assessed at four time points: baseline, after sessions 8 and 16, and 3.5 months after the completion of the program. Significant improvements were found in all outcomes after the program, and most remained significant in the follow-up assessment. Our preliminary results suggest that ABCT-16 can be effective for improving anxiety and depressive symptomatology in fibromyalgia patients. Nonetheless, further studies with larger samples and control groups are necessary to confirm these results. View Full-Text
Keywords: attachment-based compassion therapy; fibromyalgia; self-compassion; decentering; anxiety; depression attachment-based compassion therapy; fibromyalgia; self-compassion; decentering; anxiety; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santos, A.; Crespo, I.; Pérez-Aranda, A.; Beltrán-Ruiz, M.; Puebla-Guedea, M.; García-Campayo, J. Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy for Reducing Anxiety and Depression in Fibromyalgia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138152

AMA Style

Santos A, Crespo I, Pérez-Aranda A, Beltrán-Ruiz M, Puebla-Guedea M, García-Campayo J. Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy for Reducing Anxiety and Depression in Fibromyalgia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):8152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138152

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santos, Alicia, Iris Crespo, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, María Beltrán-Ruiz, Marta Puebla-Guedea, and Javier García-Campayo. 2022. "Attachment-Based Compassion Therapy for Reducing Anxiety and Depression in Fibromyalgia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 8152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138152

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