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Analysis of the Impact of Human–Cobot Collaborative Manufacturing Implementation on the Occupational Health and Safety and the Quality Requirements

Institute of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, 917 01 Trnava, Slovakia
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1927; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041927
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Implementing Industry 4.0 and interconnected robotization in industrial enterprises drifts towards occupational changes. Nowadays, the task is to create cooperation and collaboration between a robot and a human in a common robotized workplace so that it is safe and effective. The type of robot, the robotic device that works in collaboration with a human operator, is called a cobot. In the case of a closer interaction of the robot or cobot with humans, it is necessary to consider where it is possible to replace human work entirely or where it is possible to merely supplement it. The most socially acceptable option is the implementation of robots only for the performance of supplementary tasks, since the traditional work positions of people in manufacturing processes would remain largely preserved. On the other hand, workplace robotization is particularly suitable for work environments with hazardous chemical substances that are carcinogenic and toxic to humans. Similarly, robotization helps to improve workplace ergonomics and also to avoid, for humans, very laborious and often repetitive work. The SWOT analysis (analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) was used as a relevant tool to assess various aspects of the impact of increasing robotization on working positions in industrial enterprises. SWOT analysis is an indicative assessment of the suitability of implementation of robots in a given workplace, which helps to create an optimal solution and indicate new areas of needed analysis and research directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: human–robot cooperation; cobot; employee; industrial enterprises; occupational health and safety; risk prevention; work environment human–robot cooperation; cobot; employee; industrial enterprises; occupational health and safety; risk prevention; work environment
MDPI and ACS Style

Pauliková, A.; Gyurák Babeľová, Z.; Ubárová, M. Analysis of the Impact of Human–Cobot Collaborative Manufacturing Implementation on the Occupational Health and Safety and the Quality Requirements. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1927. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041927

AMA Style

Pauliková A, Gyurák Babeľová Z, Ubárová M. Analysis of the Impact of Human–Cobot Collaborative Manufacturing Implementation on the Occupational Health and Safety and the Quality Requirements. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1927. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041927

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pauliková, Alena, Zdenka Gyurák Babeľová, and Monika Ubárová. 2021. "Analysis of the Impact of Human–Cobot Collaborative Manufacturing Implementation on the Occupational Health and Safety and the Quality Requirements" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1927. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041927

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