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Article

Changes in Smoking Behaviour and Home-Smoking Rules during the Initial COVID-19 Lockdown Period in Israel

Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical Centre, Jerusalem 9112102, Israel
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Academic Editors: Judith J. Prochaska, Kathleen Gali, Erin A. Vogel and Kelly C. Young-Wolff
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1931; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041931
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking, Vaping and COVID-19)
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused devastating impacts globally. To mitigate virus spread, Israel imposed severe restrictions during March–April 2020. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted in April 2020 among current and ex-smokers to explore changes in smoking behaviour and home-smoking rules during this period. Bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression examined associations between sociodemographic characteristics and perceived risk of infection and quitting smoking during the initial COVID-19 period. Current smoking was reported by 437 (66.2%) of the 660 participants, 46 (7%) quit during the initial restriction period, and 177 (26.8%) were ex-smokers. Nearly half (44.4%) of current smokers intensified their smoking, and 16% attempted to quit. Quitting during the COVID-19 period was significantly associated with higher education (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.97, 95% CI: 1.0–3.8), not living with a smoker (aOR: 2.18, 95% CI: 1.0–4.4), and having an underlying chronic condition that increases risk for COVID-19 complications (aOR: 2.32, 95% CI: 1.1–4.6). Both an increase in smoking behaviour and in attempts to quit smoking during the initial COVID-19 pandemic were evident in this sample of adult Israeli smokers. Governments need to use this opportunity to encourage smokers to attempt quitting and create smoke-free homes, especially during lockdown conditions, while providing mental and social support to all smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; COVID-19; smoking cessation; home-smoking-rules smoking; COVID-19; smoking cessation; home-smoking-rules
MDPI and ACS Style

Bar-Zeev, Y.; Shauly, M.; Lee, H.; Neumark, Y. Changes in Smoking Behaviour and Home-Smoking Rules during the Initial COVID-19 Lockdown Period in Israel. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041931

AMA Style

Bar-Zeev Y, Shauly M, Lee H, Neumark Y. Changes in Smoking Behaviour and Home-Smoking Rules during the Initial COVID-19 Lockdown Period in Israel. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041931

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bar-Zeev, Yael, Michal Shauly, Hannah Lee, and Yehuda Neumark. 2021. "Changes in Smoking Behaviour and Home-Smoking Rules during the Initial COVID-19 Lockdown Period in Israel" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041931

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