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Article

Increasing Disaster Medical Assistance Teams’ Intent to Engage with Specific Hazards

1
Department of Radiation Disaster Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
2
Department of Disaster Medicine, Fukushima Medical University Hospital, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
3
Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
4
Acute and Critical Care Center, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki 852-8501, Japan
5
Futaba Emergency Medical Support Center, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11630; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111630
Received: 5 October 2021 / Revised: 30 October 2021 / Accepted: 31 October 2021 / Published: 5 November 2021
To ensure human resource availability for a smooth response during various types of disasters, there is a need to improve the intent of those involved in responding to each hazard type. However, Disaster Medical Assistance Team personnel’s intent to engage with specific hazards has yet to be clarified. This study therefore aimed to clarify the factors affecting Disaster Medical Assistance Team members’ (n = 178) intent to engage with each type of hazard through an anonymous web questionnaire survey containing 20 questions. Our results show that the intent to engage in disaster response activities was significantly lower for chemical (50), biological (47), radiological/nuclear (58), and explosive (52) incidents compared with natural (82) and man-made hazards (82) (p < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that incentives were the most common factor affecting responders’ intent to engage with all hazard types, followed by self-confidence. Thus, creating a system that provides generous incentives could effectively improve disaster responders’ intent to engage with specific hazards. Another approach could be education and training to increase disaster responders’ confidence. We believe that the successful implementation of these measures would improve the intent of responders to engage with hazards and promote the recruitment of sufficient human resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: disaster; emergency responders; hazard; human resources; intent disaster; emergency responders; hazard; human resources; intent
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iyama, K.; Kakamu, T.; Yamashita, K.; Sato, Y.; Shimada, J.; Tasaki, O.; Hasegawa, A. Increasing Disaster Medical Assistance Teams’ Intent to Engage with Specific Hazards. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111630

AMA Style

Iyama K, Kakamu T, Yamashita K, Sato Y, Shimada J, Tasaki O, Hasegawa A. Increasing Disaster Medical Assistance Teams’ Intent to Engage with Specific Hazards. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111630

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iyama, Keita, Takeyasu Kakamu, Kazunori Yamashita, Yoshinobu Sato, Jiro Shimada, Osamu Tasaki, and Arifumi Hasegawa. 2021. "Increasing Disaster Medical Assistance Teams’ Intent to Engage with Specific Hazards" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11630. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111630

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