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Article

The Development of a Nutrition Screening Tool for Mental Health Settings Prone to Obesity and Cardiometabolic Complications: Study Protocol for the NutriMental Screener

1
School of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney & Mindgardens Neuroscience Network, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
2
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
3
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
4
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy II, Ulm University, 89070 Ulm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dorothea Kesztyüs and Susanne Kobel
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11269; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111269
Received: 14 September 2021 / Revised: 26 October 2021 / Accepted: 26 October 2021 / Published: 27 October 2021
People living with serious mental illness (SMI) experience physical health complications at disproportionate rates to people without an SMI. Unhealthy dietary intake and disordered eating behaviors are key driving factors. There is a lack of valid nutrition-risk screening tools targeted to mental health services, and typically used nutrition-risk screening tools are not suitable for mental health services. This paper details the rationale and study protocol for development and validation of the NutriMental screener, a tool for use in clinical practice to identify service users who are at risk for common nutrition issues experienced by this population group and trigger referral to a specialist clinician. The development process includes five phases. Phase I is the development of nutrition-related domains of interest from screening tools used in mental health services. Phase II involves a literature review and service-user interviews to identify additional domains. Phase III consists of international workshops with relevant clinicians and persons with SMI to gain a consensus on questions to be included in the draft tool. Phase IV involves conducting multinational feasibility and preliminary validation studies. Phase V consists of performing formal validation studies. The development of a nutrition-risk screening tool for mental health services is a necessary step to help rectify the physical-health disparities and life-expectancy gap for people with SMI. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; eating; mental disorders; mental health; mental illness; nutrition; nutrition screening; nutritional psychiatry diet; eating; mental disorders; mental health; mental illness; nutrition; nutrition screening; nutritional psychiatry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Teasdale, S.B.; Moerkl, S.; Moetteli, S.; Mueller-Stierlin, A. The Development of a Nutrition Screening Tool for Mental Health Settings Prone to Obesity and Cardiometabolic Complications: Study Protocol for the NutriMental Screener. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111269

AMA Style

Teasdale SB, Moerkl S, Moetteli S, Mueller-Stierlin A. The Development of a Nutrition Screening Tool for Mental Health Settings Prone to Obesity and Cardiometabolic Complications: Study Protocol for the NutriMental Screener. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111269

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teasdale, Scott B., Sabrina Moerkl, Sonja Moetteli, and Annabel Mueller-Stierlin. 2021. "The Development of a Nutrition Screening Tool for Mental Health Settings Prone to Obesity and Cardiometabolic Complications: Study Protocol for the NutriMental Screener" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111269

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