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Article

Predictive Model of Preventive Behaviors against COVID-19 in the Older Adult: The PREASOC-COVID-19 Study

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Nursing Research Group IDIVAL, Geriatric Nursing Research Group, Faculty of Nursing, Universidad de Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Gerencia de Atención Primaria, Servicio Cántabro de Salud, Cantabria, IDIVAL, Universidad de Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
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CAD Santander, IDIVAL, Gobierno de Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juh Hyun Shin
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11067; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111067
Received: 24 September 2021 / Revised: 11 October 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue To Be Healthy for the Elderly: Long Term Care Issues around the World)
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between COVID-19 preventive behaviors, as the dependent variable, with risk perception, coping style and sense of coherence, as independent variables, in older people living in the community. Methods: An observational design for predictive model development. This study was reported following the STROBE statement. The subjects were people over 65 years of age living in the community. Data collection included sociodemographic variables related to COVID-19, risk perception and types, coping styles in the face of contagion, sense of coherence, and preventive behaviors in the face of COVID-19. The data collection period was from November 2020 to January 2021. Results: A total of 305 people participated in this study (71.5% women, mean age 71.34 years; 6.9% suffered from COVID-19 and 44.3% knew someone close to them who suffered from the virus). The coping style variables problem-focused, emotion-focused, and sense of coherence subscales Significance and manageability explained 17% of the variable preventive behaviors against COVID-19. There were statistically significant differences by gender in all subscales, with women scoring higher in all of them; Conclusions: Men with low risk perception, extrinsic risk perception, and low sense of coherence presented worse COVID-19 preventive behaviors. It would be interesting to develop specific prevention and health education campaigns for this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; sense of coherence; risk factor; coping behaviors; elderly; health knowledge; attitudes; practice; nurses; nursing COVID-19; sense of coherence; risk factor; coping behaviors; elderly; health knowledge; attitudes; practice; nurses; nursing
MDPI and ACS Style

Sarabia-Cobo, C.M.; Delgado Uria, A.; García Lecue, M.; Izaguirre Palazuelos, E.; Martínez Ruiz, C.; Fernández-Rodríguez, Á. Predictive Model of Preventive Behaviors against COVID-19 in the Older Adult: The PREASOC-COVID-19 Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111067

AMA Style

Sarabia-Cobo CM, Delgado Uria A, García Lecue M, Izaguirre Palazuelos E, Martínez Ruiz C, Fernández-Rodríguez Á. Predictive Model of Preventive Behaviors against COVID-19 in the Older Adult: The PREASOC-COVID-19 Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sarabia-Cobo, Carmen M., Aroa Delgado Uria, Marta García Lecue, Eva Izaguirre Palazuelos, César Martínez Ruiz, and Ángela Fernández-Rodríguez. 2021. "Predictive Model of Preventive Behaviors against COVID-19 in the Older Adult: The PREASOC-COVID-19 Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111067

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